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British Industrial History

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Arthur Albright

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Arthur Albright (1811–1900) of Albright and Wilson

1811 Born in Oxfordshire the son of William Albright and Rachel Tanner.

Educated at schools in Rochester and privately at home

1827 Apprenticed to his uncle, a chemist and druggist in Bristol.

Travelled to France and Belgium, studying other industries such as beet growing. For a while he worked for a Bristol printer and publisher.

1840 he joined the firm of his brother in law, Edmund Sturge, namely John and E. Sturge, manufacturing chemists in Birmingham.

1842 Became a partner in Sturges.

1848 Albright married Rachael Stacey, of Tottenham.

1850 Met Anton Schrotter(1802–75), who had developed a method of producing the safer red phosphorus. His interest grew out of a concern for the health of match workers. Albright purchased the patents, and then took out his own patent on improvements to Schrötter's method. He was thus able to make, economically, this form of phosphorus which was a main factor in bringing about the widespread use of safety matches.

1854 At the end of the year, he left the Sturges. He took over a phosphorus plant previously belonging to the Sturge brothers, in Oldbury, Worcestershire and started working with John Edward Wilson

1856 he went into partnership with John Edward Wilson.

1881 Chemical manufacturing chemist employing 250 persons, living in Edgbaston with Rachel Albright 60, Rachel A. Albright 31, Mary D. Albright 30, William A. Albright 27, George S. Albright 25, Bland C. Albright 22[1]

1891 Chemical manufacturer, living in Edgbaston, Rachael Allbright 70, Rachael A Allbright 41, Wilson King (son-in-law) 44, William A Allbright, 37, chemical manufacturer, Maria C Allbright 32[2]

Died on 3 July 1900 at Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London.

He was buried at Witton, Birmingham.

1900 Obituary [3]

ARTHUR ALBRIGHT, of Mariemont, Birmingham, died suddenly on July 3, 1900, in London, at the residence of his son-in-law, Sir C. C. Scott-Moncrieff, at the age of ninety years. He was the senior partner in the firm of Albright & Wilson, of Oldbury, phosphorus manufacturers.

In former years he took a very active part in the industrial and social affairs in the Birmingham district, but a severe attack of influenza in 1898 necessitated his removal to London, to be near his medical adviser.

He was elected a member of the Iron and Steel Institute in 1875.

See Also


Sources of Information

  • Biography of Arthur Albright, ODNB