Maker of agricultural, veterinary, ethical pharmaceutical and household products, of Slough
1960 Acquired Griffiths Hughes Proprietaries Ltd and Askit Ltd; acquired the ethical pharmaceutical business of Glidden Laboratories Inc; acquired a controlling interest in Nicholas International Ltd, the American company formed jointly by Aspro-Nicholas and its Australian associates.
1963 The 2 major ethical companies in the Nicholas Group were Nicholas Laboratories and British Schering. Nicholas Research Institute was the research arm of Nicholas Laboratories and British Schering.
1968 Nicholas Australia Ltd was floated in Australia in order to purchase Nicholas Proprietary Ltd.
1969 Aspro-Nicholas merged with Nicholas Australia. Home market was served by Nicholas Products
1971 Group renamed Nicholas International.
1981 Merger of two long-established Australian companies, Nicholas International, whose business was mainly in pharmaceuticals and toiletries, and the Kiwi Polish Co whose business was mainly in household products, including Kiwi shoe polish, to form Nicholas Kiwi, an Australian public company.
1984 Sara Lee Corporation acquired Nicholas Kiwi. It was the dominant shoe polish in some countries, including the United Kingdom and the United States, where it had about two-thirds of the market.
1988 Piramal India acquired Nicholas Laboratories, the pharmaceutical company, from Sara Lee.