Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,408 pages of information and 233,867 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Autocar Co

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search
1902. Two-cylinder. 10hp. Rear-entrance Tonneau. Reg No: Photo at the 2012 LBVCR.
Reg No: TYP 55. Two-cylinder. 12hp Tourer. Photo at the 2012 LBVCR.
1902. Two-cylinder. 10hp. Rear-entrance Tonneau. Reg No: TYP 55. Photo at the 2013 LBVCR.

Autocar Co, Ardmore, Pa. USA


The company was called the Pittsburgh Motor Vehicle Company when started in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1897

It became the Autocar Company in 1899 when it moved to Ardmore, Pennsylvania, outside Philadelphia.

Autocar founder Louis Semple Clarke (1867–1957) was a successful mechanical engineer.

One of the company's early cars was the Pittsburgher.

The first car in 1900 was a single cylinder chain drive runabout. About 27 were made.

The 1904 Autocar was equipped with a tonneau, it could seat 4 passengers and sold for US$1700. The horizontal-mounted flat-2, situated at the front of the car, produced 11 hp. This was a somewhat unusual engine design for the time, with most companies producing inline designs. A 3-speed transmission was fitted. The steel and wood-framed car weighed 1,675 lb. The early cars had tiller steering.

In 1905 the company was selling the Type XII car for $2,250 and another it called the Type X for $1,000. It discontinued the Type XI and sold the last of them in 1905. The cars now had wheel steering with left hand drive.

The Type X was a runabout. During the 1905-1906 model year the company produced 1,000 Type X cars. The manufacture of 500 Type XV runabouts was authorized for 1907 in place of 500 touring cars (Type XIV) in addition to the 1000 runabouts already planned.

At special meeting on June 19, 1906 held at 711 Arcade Building, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the board authorized the hiring of a general manager by the name of Harry A. Gillis at a salary of $10,000 per year. Production of 300 Type XVI cars and 500 Type XVII were authorized during a Board Meeting on November 21, 1906.

By 1907, the company had decided to concentrate on commercial vehicles, and the Autocar brand is still in use for commercial trucks.

Early Registrations

See Also


Sources of Information