Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,450 pages of information and 233,880 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Birkenhead Iron Works

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1824 William Laird established the Birkenhead Iron Works with his partner, Daniel Horton, to manufacture boilers - presumably Horton and Laird

1828 The partnership was dissolved, and Laird and his son John, a solicitor's clerk, set up a new business, William Laird and Son. This was initially a boilerworks, but in 1828 it received its first order for an iron ship, to be used on the lakes of Ireland. The business rapidly expanded, as the demand for large iron steamships developed.

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