Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,470 pages of information and 233,895 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Blackpool Tower

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1891 Inspired by the Eiffel Tower (1889) in Paris, the Blackpool Tower Co was formed to erect a similar structure on Blackpool's seafront.

Architects Maxwell and Tuke drew up detailed plans for the tower, which were implemented from summer 1891. The architects were assisted by the engineers Heenan and Froude; Max am Ende, a specialist in complex ironwork structures, verified the design calculations.

1893 Charles Tuke died on the same day that the flagstaff was placed in position at the top of the tower.

Blackpool Tower was 518 feet 9 inches to the top of the flagstaff

1894 the buildings at the base, which included a circus within the four legs of the tower, were completed

The official opening was on 14 May (Whit Monday), at the time the tallest building in Britain, and the second tallest in the world. Some 70,000 people queued to go in that day.

1895 Such was Blackpool Tower's commercial success that almost immediately a site in New Brighton, Wallasey, was secured by the New Brighton Tower and Recreation Company for an even bigger structure. Maxwell and Tuke began work on the plans in July 1895 and the New Brighton Tower was built during 1897–8, opening at Whitsun 1898. The New Brighton Tower was 567 feet 6 inches tall.

1919 New Brighton Tower, having been poorly maintained during WWI, was demolished in 1919–21.

Blackpool Tower is a listed building, Grade 1.

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