Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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British Hydrocarbon Chemicals

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British Hydrocarbon Chemicals Ltd, manufacturer of chemicals

1950 Distillers Co established a joint venture with Anglo Iranian Oil was called British Petroleum Chemicals Ltd which was constructing a new project at Grangemouth that would produce synthetic ethanol which would alleviate Distiller's supply problems with molasses. Grangemouth would also be the location for a new plant to make styrene monomer by a new company, Forth Chemicals Ltd, which was owned two-thirds by Anglo Iranian Oil and one third by Monsanto Chemicals Ltd - this was part of a plan to make derivatives from the petrochemicals made by the main plant at Grangemouth[1].

1956 British Petroleum Chemicals Ltd was renamed British Hydrocarbon Chemicals to avoid confusion with the name of the partner in the venture, BP. It had 2 subsidiaries - Forth Chemicals and Grange Chemicals, the latter being one third owned by the Oronite Co of California. Expansion at Grangemouth was progressing well; new butadiene plant was nearly complete[2].

1956 Low density polyethylene plant to be built at Grangemouth[3].

1960 A new petrochemical plant would be built at Llandarcy, taking feedstock from BP's nearby refinery[4].

1961 Grange Chemicals would build a new phthalic anyhyride plant at Hull, adjacent to Distillers Co's site at Salt End[5].

1962 New methanol plant commissioned[6].

1963 A joint venture of BP and Distillers Co[7].

1963 Border Chemicals formed to manufacture acrylontrile at Grangemouth from ammonia made by ICI and propylene made by British Hydrocarbon Chemicals Ltd[8].

1966 Acquired the adjacent polybutenes plant at Baglan Bay from W. R. Grace[9].

1967 Distiller's interests sold to BP[10].

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, 16 September 1950
  2. The Times, 23 August 1956
  3. The Times, 10 Octover 1956
  4. The Times, 4 October 1960
  5. The Times, 19 June 1961
  6. The Times, 23 August 1962
  7. The Times, 15 May 1963
  8. The Times, 15 May 1963
  9. The Times, 19 August 1966
  10. The Times 1 April 1967