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British Industrial History

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Charles Cammell and Co

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Charles Cammell and Co, of Cyclops Steel and Iron Works, Sheffield.

formerly Johnson, Cammell and Co‎

1856 Mention as Charles Cammell and Co [1]

1861 Started to make rails and railway material

1863 Began making armour plates.

1863 The business had now grown so large as to necessitate further extension and development of the works so additional works were erected at Grimesthorpe, near Sheffield

1864 Mention as Charles Cammell and Co [2]

1864 The business was converted into a limited company with George Wilson as managing director, and Mr. Alexander Wilson as his assistant.

1865 Became a publicly quoted company

1865 Acquired the Yorkshire Steel and Iron Works, at Penistone.

1866 Mention as Charles Cammell and Co (Limited) of Cyclops Steel and Iron Works [3]

1870 Factory opened in Dronfield, manufacturing railway wheels and steel rails (see Wilson, Cammell and Co).

1873 Acquired the Oaks Colliery, near Barnsley, thus ensuring supplies of their various raw material

1873 BA meeting: Cammell and Co

1875 Death of Thomas Broadley age 76 'upwards of 25 years in the employ of Charles Cammell and Co' [4]

1876 Of Cyclops Steel and Iron Works, Sheffield; the Yorkshire Steel Works, Penistone; and the Oaks Collieries near Barnsley.

1878 Sheffield supplier of armoured plate to the Italian warship Duilio

1879 Death of Charles Cammell Founder and Chairman; George Wilson succeeded him

1880 Armoured plate for naval vessels

1882 Company acquired the combination of Dronfield Steel Works and the Derwent Iron Co - Derwent Steel and Iron Works at Workington.[5]

1885 Death of George Wilson, Chairman and Managing Director [6]. Succeeded by his brother, Alexander, who was appointed managing director and deputy chairman.

1885 Company consisted of [7]

  • Cyclops Steel and Iron Works, Sheffield
  • Grimesthorpe Ordnance, Tyre and Spring works, Sheffield
  • Yorkshire Steel Works at Penistone
  • Derwent Steel and Iron Works at Workington
  • Old and new Oaks Collieries, near Barnsley
  • Other iron mines near Whitehaven.

1894 John Barker, the manager of Grimesthorpe, retired after 45 years service.

1896 The Solway Works of Beckermet Mining Co were bought by the company

1898 Became a public company as Charles Cammell and Co. The company was re-registered on 4 January in connection with a reconstruction of the capital.

1901 Of Cyclops Works, Saville Street, Saville Street East and Carlisle Street East and Ordinance Steel Works, Grimesthorpe; and Yorkshire Iron and Steel works, Penistone and Derwent blast furnaces, iron and steel works, Workington; Solway Iron Works, Maryport and Old and New Oaks collieries, Barnsley were boiler and ship plate manufacturers

1903 Agreement made between Mulliner-Wigley Co and Charles Cammell and Co to ensure supply of high quality steel to the Coventry Ordnance Co[8]. Mr H. H. Mulliner is to join the board. [9]

1903 Took over the Birkenhead shipbuilding yards of Laird Brothers and this became Cammell, Laird and Co

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. Supplement. Saturday, October 25, 1856
  2. The Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. Supplement. Monday, November 07, 1864
  3. The Times, Monday, Feb 19, 1866
  4. The Sheffield & Rotherham Independent (Sheffield, England), October 28, 1876
  5. The Times, Mar 21, 1882
  6. The Leeds Mercury, Wednesday, December 2, 1885
  7. The Times, Wednesday, Dec 02, 1885
  8. London Gazette 20 March 1903
  9. The Engineer 1903/03/20 p 302.