Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,151 pages of information and 233,681 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Charles Fairbairn

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of Tonge Villa, Middleton, near Manchester.(1877)

1831 Born in Warrington, son of John Fairbairn, millwright, and his wife Margaret (nee Lumsden)[1]

1865 Married Evelina Carter in Edinburgh[2]

1871 Charles Fairbarns (sic) 40, lived in Melrose with Ebelina Fairbarns, 31, his mother, Margart Fairbarns 65, and mother-in-law, Elelina Carter 61[3]

1871 Messrs Fairbairn and Wells patented their first screw thread-forming machine.

1874 Read a paper before the Edinburgh and Leith Engineers' Society on the subject of furnace construction and management[4]

1875 Patent to Charles Fairbairn, of the Railway Iron Works, Middleton, in the county of Lancaster, Engineer, for the invention of "improvement in machines for the manufacture of screwbolts."[5]

1876 Wind Cowls. [6]

1877 Patent to Charles Fairbairn, of Tonge Villa, Middleton, in the county of Lancaster, Engineer, for the invention of "improvements in apparatus for rolling and impressing the surfaces of bolt blanks and other articles of metal in either a hot or cold state, so as to form screws or patterns thereon."[7]

1881 Evelina Fairbairn 41, consulting engineer's wife, lived in Chorlton; also in the house was her mother[8]

1881 Charles Fairbairn, 50, civil engineer, visiting Earlston, Berwickshire[9]

1884 A screw forging, made to Fairbairn's patent, was manufactured by Kendall and Gent[10]

1887 C. Fairbairn of Sale, Cheshire, and M. Wells of Manchester, patented apparatus for forging - by rollers - conoidal projectiles and other articles of circular transverse section. Patent No. 2499, 17 February 1887. Described and illustrated in The Engineer [11]. Presumably this was Charles Fairbairn and Matthew Wells.

1891 Charles Fairbairn 60, consulting engineer (born in Warrington), lived in Sale, Cheshire with Evelina Fairbairn 51 and her mother[12]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Parish records
  2. BMD
  3. 1871 census
  4. The Engineer 1874/07/03
  5. London Gazette 3 Dec 1875
  6. The Engineer 1876/02/04
  7. London Gazette 4 May 1877
  8. 1881 census
  9. 1881 census
  10. The Engineer 1884/06/06
  11. [1] The Engineer, 1 June 1888, pp.553-4
  12. 1891 census