Claude Burdin (19 March 1788 – 12 November 1873) was a French engineer.
Born in Lépin-le-Lac. He became professor at the Ecole des Mines in Saint-Étienne.
c.1820-4 he developed a new type of horizontal waterwheel (vertical shaft), for which he introduced the name turbine (from Latin word turbo). Burdin's turbine was inspired by the work of Leonhard Euler and Johann Andreas Segner, and in turn Burdin inspired his pupil Benoit Fourneyron.