Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,454 pages of information and 233,880 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

Continental Oil Co (Conoco), of Delaware, oil refiner and distributor

1875 Isaac Elder Blake formed the Continental Oil and Transportation Co. to supply kerosene to customers in Utah, importing it in bulk by railroad tank cars from eastern US refineries.

1883 Constructed first pipeline in California

1885 Acquired by Standard Oil Co.

1909 First filling station constructed in West of USA. Over 20 years, Continental Oil established more than 1,000 service stations in 15 states. It also began production and refining of crude oil, merging with several other producers yet always retaining the name Continental Oil.

1913 Standard Oil split up by court order to combat its monopoly

1929 Merged with Marland Oil as the Continental Oil Company (Conoco).

WWII A Conoco refinery is dedicated to making high octane aviation fuel

1960s Expansion of refineries in Ponca City, Baltimore, Denver and Lake Charles; and erects a new refinery in Billings, MT.

1970 Conoco expanded internationally, making acquisitions throughout Europe, creating a network of service stations in West Germany, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom.

1981 DuPont acquired Conoco - the largest merger in U.S. history at the time.

1998 Conoco separated from DuPont in the largest IPO in history at that time.

2001 Conoco and Phillips Petroleum Co. agreed to merge.

2002 ConocoPhillips headquarters in Houston.

2006 ConocoPhillips purchased the Wilhelmshaven refinery in Germany and U.K.-based Louis Dreyfus Refining and Marketing Limited. The company also began production of renewable diesel fuel at Whitegate Refinery in Cork, Ireland. The production process developed by ConocoPhillips uses soybean and other vegetable oils to produce renewable diesel fuel that meets European Union standards.

2012 Separation of the company’s Refining & Marketing and Exploration & Production businesses into 2 stand-alone, publicly traded corporations, Phillips 66 and ConocoPhillips.

  • Conoco in the UK

1953 Jet built its own ocean terminal and storage facilities to supply the commercial user market in the UK

1958 Jet cut-price petrol entered the UK retail market, supplying imported petrol which it was able to buy abroad at lower prices

1960 Not only were Jet's prices lower than those of the leading suppliers but the octane rating of its standard grade was higher.

1961 Jet became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Continental Oil Co. of Delaware in 1961 obtaining its petrol from the company's refineries abroad.

1965 Continental Oil (U.K.) announced plans to build the first refinery on the Humber estuary at Immingham[1]

1969 Opened refinery at South Killingholme, Lincs[2].

1974 Started testing a road petrol tanker that carried synthetic grp.[3]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times Apr. 26, 1965
  2. The Times, 19 November 1973
  3. The Engineer 1974/05/09