Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,473 pages of information and 233,895 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Cowlairs Works

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Cowlairs Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Works, in Springburn, an area in the north-east of Glasgow, was built in 1842 for the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway later taken over by the North British Railway.

It was named after the nearby mansion of Cowlairs, with both locomotive and carriage and wagon works. The first few locomotives were bought in, but in 1844, William Paton produced the 0-6-0 'Hercules'. After amalgamation with the LNER, new production finished, except for boilers and castings, such as brake blocks.

During World War II, like other workshops, both Cowlairs and St. Rollox Works joined in the war effort, among other things, producing Horsa Gliders for the D Day airborne assault. Cowlairs also produced 200,000 bearing shells for Rolls-Royce Merlin engines.

At nationalisation into British Railways most of the work was transferred to the Horwich Works. Cowlairs closed in 1963, the work transferring to St. Rollox Works.

See Also


Sources of Information

[1] Wikipedia