Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 149,268 pages of information and 234,239 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Crawshay Williams

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of Ashtead Motor Works, Ashtead, Surrey

See Leslie Crawshay Williams

1904-1906. Made cars with Simms engines

1904 Ashtead Motor Works. Company No. 82486, registered 7 November 1904 with a capital of £6,000 in £5 shares, to carry on 'the business of motor-car, vehicle, and cycle manufacturers...' Its premises appear to have been established off Grove Road, Ashtead, presently used by Oakhill Garage.

1905 November. 'Crawshay-Williams, Ltd., of Ashstead, Surrey, shows what the makers term their "B" type delivery van, with 12 h.p. engine and metal disc clutch. It is designed to carry a load of 5-cwt'.'[1]

1905 'Messrs. CRAWSHAY-WILLIAMS, LTD., ASHTEAD, SURREY. This company exhibited one complete motor car, chain driven, to seat seven...'[2]

1906 February. Details of their 16 hp petrol car.[3]

1906 'The 16 HP Crawshay Williams Petrol Car - Crawshay-Williams, of the Ashtead Motor Works, in Surrey. They have for some time devoted their attention to the production of touring cars of moderate power, and have also made a study of light vans for delivery work...'[4]

1906 'Crawshay Williams, Ltd., Ashtead Motor Works, Ashtead, Surrey. 20-H.P. 2-Cylinder “Valveless” Chassis. Price, £345. 20-H.P. 2-Cylinder “Valveless” Landaulette, to seat six, with front extension and wind screen. Price, £485.' These cars had an unusual layout, with engine placed beneath the driving seat and the space beneath the bonnet utilised for a cone-shaped petrol tank. 'The framework of the car resembles somewhat a punt' reported The Engineer journal in February 1906. Test driven for the article , 'On the high gear the car travelled up long and steep gradients without necessitating change to the low gear’; ‘a highly meritorious attempt to adapt a two-cycle internal combustion engine to the propulsion of road vehicles'.[5]

1907 See 1907 Motor Show (SMMT)

1907 November. Full report of Valveless engine[6]

1907 Agents for Valveless car

1908 Company in liquidation.[7]

1909 Sale of factory. 'FREEHOLD FACTORY, known as "THE ASHTEAD MOTOR WORKS," Crampshaw-lane, situate about one mile distant from Station on the LB. and S.C. and L. and S.W. Railways, and to the High Road from London Dorking...'[8]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Commercial Motor 1905/11/23
  2. The British Trade Journal, Volume 43, 1905
  3. Automotor Journal 1906/02/24
  4. The Auto: The Motorist's Pictorial, Volume 11, 1906
  5. 1906 International Motor Exhibition
  6. [[1]]
  7. The London Gazette Publication date:10 July 1908 Issue:28157 Page:5071
  8. Surrey Mirror - Friday 28 May 1909