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Donat Banki (c1858-1922)
"The late Professor Banki.—Professor Donat Banki, who died in Budapest in August, was well known as a member of the firm of Ganz and Co. (later styled the Danubius Company), as a teacher at the Budapest Technical High School since 1899, and as author of numerous papers, theoretical and technical, numbering more than 200, contributed both to French and English journals. His main research field was the internal-combustion engine. His atomiser of 1893 for petroleum and benzine motors is considered to have been the prototype of the carburettor. He advocated high compression, and made various fruitful suggestions also for the perfection of water and steam turbines. He had a large share in the industrial development of Hungary, which took place in the last few decades, and especially in the advance of engineering construction and of the engineering profession. Two of his great schemes, the execution of which the dismemberment of Hungary made impossible, die with him; the natural-gas pipe, line from- Erdely in Transylvania to Budapest, which he planned to work at unusually high gas pressure and a big water-power plant at the Iron Gates. Universally respected he was elected a member of the Hungarian Academy in 1911; at the time of his death he was in his 64th year."