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Note: There is some uncertainty surrounding this business.....
E.N.V. (or ENV) of Paris and Courbevoie, Seine, France, and Sheffield and Willesden, England.
The London and Parisian Motor Co. was an Anglo-French company registered in London in 1908, largely supported by British capital and expertise. The engine parts were produced in Sheffield, where the company was originally based, then shipped to France for assembly, where aeronautical activity was more important, but where, in 1908, imported machines were subject to tax. The French factory was located in Courbevoie, a suburb of Paris. In 1909, interest in flying greatly increased in Britain, and the ENV company decided to undertake complete manufacture in Willesden, London. The business at Willesden was named ENV Motor Syndicate Ltd. The name was derived from the French 'En-V' meaning a Vee engine layout.
c.1910 represented in Britain by Warwick Wright.
The driving force behind ENV, and the designer until he died in 1911, seems to have been Captain Ifah Williams. Financial support came from various friends, including Sheffield manufacturer W. S. Laycock. Williams proceeded to produce the engine in a small factory in the suburbs of Paris, next door to that operated by Fernand Charron, famous racing driver of the early days who had since turned manufacturer. After Williams died, impetus was lost, and eventually the ENV company turned their attention to making spiral bevel gears. However, the link which had been forged by ENV between Laycocks and Charron was not completely broken, and in 1919 it was announced that a car to be called a Charron-Laycock would be manufactured at Millhouses, Sheffield.