Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,535 pages of information and 233,960 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
of Glasshouse Street, Oldham Road, Manchester
1881 the Frictionless Engine Packing Company was formed. Frictionless Packing was later re-christened "Karmal," a composite word derived from the names of the two partners. Under the new name the sales increased rapidly.
1899 the Company began to manufacture a transmission belting called "Roko." This was a solid woven hair belting, the outstanding feature of which was its patent non-fray edge - this edge was designed to withstand the action of guide forks and very considerably increase the life of the belt, and was a distinct advantage over any other textile belting. Four years later the pile driving surface was patented. This pile protects the pulley side of the belt from wear and tear, absorbs the heat generated by friction and increases the driving power. These two patented features combined to place "Roko" in an outstanding position in the belting industry.
1894 Antwerp Exhibition. Awarded Bronze Medal for Large Mechanical Constructions. 
1907 Name changed to Small and Parkes