G. Scammell and Nephew
G. Scammell and Nephew Ltd, of Watford and Spitalfields, E1, London
1837 Company formed
1837 The London Trades Directory cites the proprietor of the business at 46 Fashion Street as S. Hagger, a wheelwright. (Note: In the 1915 London PO Directory there is listed a Mrs Hager Scammell of 101 Trafalger Lawn so there may be a family connection between the families). (Note2: In the 1851 Census for Saffron Walden is listed Samuel Hagger a journeyman Wheelwright).
The company was later named G. Scammell and Nephew and were involved in the building and repair of carts and vans.
1861 Wheelwrights employing 22 men and 5 boys. 
1881 The business were shown as coach and van builder and employed 70 men 
1895 Listed as Contractors of Fashion Street, London 
1897 G. Scammell and Nephew mentioned as a business 
In the early 1900s a business had been built up selling and maintaining Foden Steam Wagons and small trucks.
1915 Listed as George Scammell and Nephew Ltd of 46-54 Fashion Street, as motor vehicle repairers; wagon, van and cart builders. 
1920 When George’s great nephew, Lt. Col. Alfred George Scammell, was injured and invalided out of the army he was made MD of the company and was able to apply the practical experience gained during the war and set about developing the ‘Articulated Six-wheeler’ which went into production in 1920.
Orders for 150 lorries were rapidly taken and it was clear that the Fashion Street works could not cope.
1920 October. Exhibited at the Commercial Motor Exhibition at Olympia with a six-wheel petrol lorry capable of carrying 10 tons
1921 October. Exhibited a 'Towmotor' of transatlantic origin. Four-cylinder petrol engine. 
1922 1st July. Scammell Lorries Ltd was formed as a public company with capital of £250,000 to acquire from G. Scammell and Nephew Ltd their works at Watford and to carry on the business of manufacturers of motor lorries for road haulage, etc, especially the "well known" Scammell Six-wheeler.
1925 Company incorporated to acquire the original business. Products included the Scammell Rigid Six equipment for commercial vehicles and bodies and components for commercial vehicles.
1929 Atkinson Walker Wagons purchased the Mann Company, manufacturers of steam wagons, but Atkinsons were in a poor financial position and as a result they sold the Mann business in 1930 to Scammell and Nephew who produced a few Mann wagons, largely from the spares they acquired.
Sources of Information
- 1861 Census for George Scammell
- 1881 Census for Alfred Thomas Scammell
- Business Directory of London, 1884. [Part 1: Alphabetical Section]
- Post Office London Directory, 1895
- The Times, Tuesday, Oct 19, 1897
- Post Office London Directory, 1915. [Part 4: Trades & Professional Directory]
- The Times, Wednesday, Oct 19, 1921
- The Times, 26 July 1922
- The Times 10 June 1936
- The Times 10 June 1936
- 1961 Guide to Key British Enterprises: Motor, Motor-Cycle and Commercial Vehicle Manufacturers