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Arthur Guinness, Son and Co., brewers, of Dublin, Ireland.
Guinness is a popular dry stout that originated in the Arthur Guinness' brewery at St. James's Gate in Dublin, Ireland. The beer is based on the porter style that originated in London in the early 18th century. It is one of the most successful beer brands in the world, being exported worldwide.
1755 Arthur Guinness started brewing ales initially in Leixlip, County Kildare.
1759 Arthur Guinness bought a 9,000 year lease on a brewery at St. James's Gate, Dublin, Ireland.
1769 On 19 May Guinness exported their product for the first time, when six and a half barrels were shipped to England.
Before the close of the 19th century, the Guinness brewery was the largest in the world. By this time, the Guinness product had been introduced into markets as far afield as America, Australia, the Far East and Africa.
1899 The breweries pioneered several quality control efforts. The brewery hired the statistician William Sealy Gosset, who achieved lasting fame under the pseudonym "Student" for techniques developed for Guinness, particularly Student's t-distribution and the even more commonly known Student's t-test.
1929 "Employment level of 3,210 at St. James’ Gate in 1929, at a time when the next largest breweries in the country employed only around 200."
1932 Parent company was headquartered in London.
1956 Arthur Guinness and Son had acquired various confectionery activities during rationing - the investment consisted of an 80 percent holding in a group of companies which included William Nuttall, Callard and Bowser, Riley's of Halifax and the Lavells chain of shops; this investment accounted for most of the non-brewing profit that Guinness had made in the previous year
1974 Guinness brewed their last porter.
Ernest Saunders was recruited as chief executive, quickly disposed of many of the diversification activities.
1982 Sold Callard and Bowser, Nuttall
By the end of 1983 Guinness had sold 147 companies in total
1987 Under the new chief executive, Anthony Tennant, the group sold all of its convenience stores, including Martins, R. S. McColl, Lavells, Lewis Meeson and the 7-Eleven franchise, in order to focus on its international beverages business.
2005 The Guinness brewery in Park Royal, London closed and the production of all Guinness sold in the UK and Ireland was switched to St. James's Gate Brewery Dublin.
Guinness Stout is also brewed under licence internationally in several countries, including Nigeria and Indonesia. The unfermented but hopped Guinness wort extract is shipped from Dublin and blended with beer brewed locally.