Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,470 pages of information and 233,895 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Hawthorns and Co

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February 1872.
'Ellesmere' builder's plate

Hawthorns and Company of Leith Engine Works, Great Junction Street, Leith

of 210, Great Junction Street, Leith (1922)

1846 The Leith Engine Works were built by R. and W. Hawthorn to assemble steam engines ordered for Scotland

1850 The Leith works were sold to another company, also called Hawthorns and Co, which produced some four hundred locomotives on its own account until 1872.

1851 Award at the 1851 Great Exhibition. See details at 1851 Great Exhibition: Reports of the Juries: Class V.

1861 0-4-0T locomotive 'Ellesmere' is on display at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. See photos. Note reference to patent of S. D. Davison. Samuel Dobson Davison was the Managing Partner.

1872 The railway engine works closed having built more than 400 engines

The company continued to supply engines for ships

1896 Incorporated as a private limited liability company as Hawthorns and Co Limited

1920 Became a public company

1922 Shipbuilders and Engineers. 1400 employees. Produced vessels up to 3,500 tons gross; engines and boilers up to 2,000 I.H.P.; floating docks and Morton's patent marine slipways

1924 Victoria Shipbuilding Yard taken over by Henry Robb Limited in order to develop the yard's expertise in dredger and pontoon building

1928 Hawthorns and Co Limited went into voluntary liquidation

  • See CANMORE website for photo of works building on Mill Lane in 1970[1]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] CANMORE website: 'View from ESE showing S fronts of works and part of ballroom complex'
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816

National Records of Scotland BT2/3161

Shipbuilding and Shipping Record 22 May 1924

Edinburgh Gazette June 15 1928