Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Henry Bessemer and Co

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January 1866.
January 1872.
June 1872.
January 1888.

of Bessemer Steel Works, Carlisle Street East, Sheffield

1813 Henry Bessemer was born in Hertfordshire.

1856 Henry Bessemer's most famous invention, a steel-making process called The Bessemer Process, was patented.

1858 Company established by Henry Bessemer, making the steel to which his name was given, at the Bessemer Steel Works in Carlisle Street, partnered by William Galloway, the Manchester engineer, Robert Longsdon, and William Daniel Allen. At first the output was insignificant, but gradually the magnitude of the operations was enlarged until the competition became effective, and steel traders generally became aware that the firm of Henry Bessemer and Co was underselling them. Many soon applied for licences but Bessemer and Longsdon refused a licence to Robert Forester Mushet of Coleford.

1877 The company was registered on 27 March, to take over the business of the firm of the same name, steel manufacturers.

1877 The Partnership was dissolved[1]

1892 Re-registration of the company took place on 5 April. [2]

1891 Advert. [3]

1901 Railway Spring Manufacturers in 1901. [4]

1903 Acquired works in Bolton - previously of the Bolton Iron and Steel Co.

1914 Steel manufacturers. Specialities: railway and tramway tyres, axles, crank axles, crank shafts, marine and other forgings, shoes and dies for gold crushing, billets, bars, rails, angles etc. [5]

1924 Thomas W. Ward acquired, by arrangement, Messrs' Bessemer's Bolton Works with likely intentions to dismantle and sell in various directions.[6]

1926 - December. The company started to produce acid steel again having by the end of 1926, lit up two furnaces.[7]

1929 Acquired by John Baker and Co[8]. Name changed to John Baker and Bessemer

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, Jul 11, 1877
  2. 1908 The Stock Exchange Year Book
  3. 1891 Post Office London Trades Directory
  4. 1901 White's Directory of Sheffield and Rotherham p980
  5. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  6. The Engineer 1924/08/08
  7. The Engineer 1926/12/24
  8. The Times, Jul 22, 1929
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5