Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,450 pages of information and 233,880 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

J. and J. Cunningham

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of 44 Bernard Street, Leith

1845 John and James Cunningham, of Leith, were trading as seed crushers and artificial manure merchants.

By the mid 1860s the Cunninghams were producing a range of compound fertilizers (based on guano and superphosphate), for which they installed new mixing and milling plant c.1867

c.1869 One of the earliest firms to make cattle foods from compounded ingredients, employing varying proportions of cakes derived from crushed linseed and cottonseed.

By 1870 they were one of the first firms to guarantee the analysis of their products.

The firm also ran an oil mill under the name of the Leith Cottonseed Oil Co.

1896 The company was registered on 5 November, to take over the business of manufacturers of sulphuric acid, artificial manure of the firm of the same name. [1]

1902 Opened another oil mill and refinery in a converted spinning mill at Forfar.

1928 Incorporated in a new company, Scottish Agricultural Industries, formed to consolidate the fertiliser and feedstuffs industry in Scotland[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  2. The Times, Feb 05, 1929
  • Archives of the British chemical industry, 1750-1914: a handlist. By Peter J. T. Morris and Colin A. Russell. Edited by John Graham Smith. 1988