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British Industrial History

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J. and J. Kershaw

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1869. Double bed lathe.
April 1870.
1877 Duplex wheel turning and break lathe. 8 ft dia faceplate.
1881. Planing Machine with Oscillating Tool-Holder.
Planing machine. From Design & Work, 26 February 1881

John Kershaw and Joseph Kershaw of Store Street Works, Manchester.

There is some uncertainty about whether John was John Kershaw (b.1793) or John Kershaw (of Manchester), or neither of the above. Investigation continues.

1825 John Kershaw (of Manchester) was listed as a machine maker. House: 34 York Street, Chorlton Row.[1]

In 1834 the Store Street Works later used by J&J Kershaw occupied by James Lillie.[2]. To George Lillie in 1845.[3]. To Joseph Lillie in 1850.[4]. In 1863 to Thomas Wheelwright and also to J. and J. Kershaw.[5][6]

1850 Slater's Directory of Manchester & Salford, 1850 includes a John Kershaw, machine maker, 121 Gt Ancoats Street. Residence: Nelson Place, Rochdale Rd. Adshead's 1851 Maps of Manchester, Map 14, shows the premises, marked 'J. Kershaw's Tool Manufactory', located alongside the Rochdale Canal lock No. 82 by Great Bridgewater Street. The single building, measuring approx 50 ft by 90 ft, was in a yard accessed from Gt Bridgewater Street.

1856 Kershaw's Drilling & Recessing Machine described and illustrated in The Engineer [7]. This was a small vertical milling machine, 'a modification of Nasmyth's Grooving Drill. The drawing shows a short side and end milling cutter. The machine was not versatile, being designed to cut keyways in shafts. Longitudinal feed was powered, and there was no transverse adjustment, i.e. it was a two axis machine.

1861 Employing 7 men and 13 boys. [8]

1863 Slater's Directory of Manchester and Salford, 1863 lists Joseph & John Kershaw, machine makers, 88 Store Street.

1876 Details of duplex drilling and recessing machine [9]

1877 Large duplex break lathe made for a South Wales ironworks/colliery. See illustration. From The Engineer 10th August 1877 [10]

1887 For sale. Store Street Works lately occupied by J. and J. Kershaw.[11]

J & J Kershaw's Works and its Environs

  • The 1863 Directory gives the address as 88 Store Street, which was the last numbered address listed on the RHS of the street before Great Ancoats Street. The 1849 O.S. map[12] shows 'Sheffield Foundry (Iron)' close to the end of Store Street. This had a ground area of approx 90 ft by 130 ft, with a small central yard. 'Sheffield Foundry' is also shown on Adshead's 1851 Maps of Manchester. Reference to Slater's Directory of Manchester & Salford, 1850 suggests that the foundry may have been owned by James Cox (iron founder).
  • Directly opposite 'Sheffield Foundry' in 1849 and 1851 was the larger Hetherington's Vulcan Iron Foundry, and immediately behind that (to the north west) was William Fairbairn and Sons' Shooter's Brook Iron Works No. 2.
  • Goad's Insurance Plans Map No. 225 dated 1928 confirms that No. 88 Store Street was indeed the former Sheffield Foundry building, although by 1928 it was no longer a foundry. It was used as an artificial flower factory, a veterinary surgery, drawing office and smithy. Across Store Street, Hetherington's and Fairbairn's factories had been replaced by the large 'girder warehouse' of C. C. Dunkerley and Co. However, a small group of doubtless dismal dwellings known as Fairbairn's Buildings had survived, sandwiched between the girder warehouse and a row of shops on Gt Ancoats Street.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 'History, Directory, and Gazeteer of the County of Lancaster', Vol 2, by Edward Baines and W. Parson
  2. Morning Chronicle - Tuesday 15 July 1834
  3. Manchester Times - Saturday 06 December 1845
  4. Manchester Times - Saturday 31 August 1850
  5. Newcastle Daily Chronicle - Tuesday 20 January 1863
  6. Newcastle Daily Chronicle - Saturday 24 January 1863
  7. [1] The Engineer, 27 June 1856, pp.344-5
  8. 1861 Census
  9. The Engineer of 22nd December 1876 p429
  10. The Engineer of 10th August 1877 p105
  11. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Tuesday 20 December 1887
  12. 'The Godfrey Edition Old Ordnance Survey Maps: Manchester Sheet 29: Manchester (Piccadilly) 1849' [2] Alan Godfrey Maps website