Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,434 pages of information and 233,876 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

James Gresham

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

James Gresham (1836-1914), engineer of Gresham and Craven

Born in Nottingham

Educated at Newark Grammar School

1860 One of Henri Giffard's new steam injectors arrived at Sharp, Stewart and Co's works in Manchester but the company did not want to take up the injector, continuing to make plunger pumps. James Gresham, a draughtsman at the company, saw the potential

1866 Mr. Gresham, recorded as being of Atlas Works, Manchester, gained a patent for improvement in injectors for steam engines, to deal with problems in charging them[1]

1866 Having left Sharp Stewart, he formed a partnership with Mr Heron, a wire mattress manufacturer, who added this product to his existing business[2]

1866 Made arrangements with Giffard to manufacture the injectors in Britain as Gresham and Heron

1869 Heron, Gresham and Craven founded by John Spier Heron, James Gresham and Thomas Craven. Makers of sewing machines, a patent woven wire mattress, and Giffard's Injectors for steam boilers, vacuum brake and other equipment for trains.

1875 J. S. Heron left the company in April due to ill health. The firm became Gresham and Craven, engineers of Salford.

James Gresham was a patron of the arts.

President Manchester Association of Engineers

1914 Died at Woodheys Park, Ashton on Mersey, Cheshire.

1914 Obituary [3]

JAMES GRESHAM was born at Newark-on-Trent on 27th December 1836.

He was educated at Newark Grammar School, and studied Art at South Kensington.

In 1857 he went to Manchester as sketching clerk to the Art Treasures Exhibition held in Manchester in that year, and on the termination of the Exhibition he took a situation as draughtsman with Messrs. Sharp, Stewart and Co.

In 1865 he left Messrs. Sharp, Stewart and Co., and went to London as Manager to the North London Iron Works.

In the following year he returned again to Manchester, and commenced business for himself in Blackfriars Street, as manufacturer of injectors, sewing- machines, etc.

In 1869 he took into partnership Mr. T. Craven and Mr. Heron, the latter dying in 1880, the firm since being known as Gresham and Craven.

His early inventions were in connexion with domestic sewing-machines, machinery for winding yarn or thread, and injectors for feeding steam-boilers. Subsequently he devoted most of his time to perfecting the injector and devising numerous improvements in connexion with continuous brakes for railway vehicles.

His death took place at Ashton-on-Mersey, near Manchester, on 13th January 1914, at the age of seventy-seven.

He was elected a Member of this Institution in 1880.

1914 Obituary [4].

1914 Obituary [5]

1914 Obituary.[6]

See Also


Sources of Information