Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,435 pages of information and 233,876 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

John Deere

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1917. Killifer plough. Exhibit at Chatham Dockyard.
Photographed in Uruguay in 2010.
Photographed in Uruguay in 2010.
1931. John Deere GPWT.
1937. Exhibit at Whiteman Park, Perth.
1938. 16-25hp. Exhibit at Pearns Steam World.
July 1938.
1945. BR.
Model 435. Exhibit at Tractor Museum, Tasmania.
1969. Model 21-20.
Model 920.
Model L.
1942 Type E 1.5 hp driving a Seamac mill.
1963. F245H seven-furrow semi-mounted plough.
Model 2020.
1969. Model 20-30.
1965. Model 40-20. Reg No: EFU 421C.
Reg No: 257 XUL.
John Deere 1020.
John Deere 2120.
John Deere 2850.
John Deere 4520.


John Deere (February 7, 1804 – May 17, 1886) was an American blacksmith and manufacturer who founded Deere & Company — the largest agricultural and construction equipment manufacturers in the world. Born in Rutland, Vermont, Deere moved to Illinois and invented the first commercially successful steel plow in 1837

1911 Incorporated as the Deere Organisation by the third president William Butterworth

1918 Purchased the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Co who were in the tractor business making the Model N rated at 12-25. It remained in production until 1924

In 1956 John Deere bought the Heinrich Lanz factory in Mannheim and for a while continued to manufacture the Bulldog tractor for which Lanz had become famous for, but changed the colour from blue to green and yellow.

1960 April, the 28hp 300 and 36 hp 500 models were announced and these used the 1010 US built engine in conjunction with a Lanz 10F + 3R gear box, 2 speed PTO and and centre PTO for a mower drive. The indirect injection engine had a bore of 92 mm and a very short stroke of 89 mm and runs very smoothly.

In 1962 the 2 cylinder 18 hp 100, and the 50 hp 700 models were added to the range.

In 1964 the 310, 510 and 710 superseeded them. The 710 was the first Mannheim tractor to be imported into the UK by John Deere.

As of 2006, the Deere & Company employs approximately 47,000 people in 27 countries worldwide, including the United States, Australia, Turkey, Canada, United Kingdom, China, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, India, Poland, Mexico and South Africa, among many others. Inside the United States, the company's primary locations are its administrative center in Moline, Illinois, as well as various locations in the Midwest and southeastern United States. Most manufacturing sites are in Iowa or Illinois, as well as locations in Europe.

Agricultural Equipment


  • 20 Series (1952- )
  • 30 Series (1958- )
  • 50 Series. Replaced the Model B
  • 60 Series. Replaced the Model A
  • 70 Series
  • 80 Series. Replaced the Model R
  • 5000 series
  • 8000 series (1992- )
  • TEN series upgrades
  • T tracked versions


See John Deere: Small Engines

Construction Equipment

See John Deere: Construction Equipment

See Also


Sources of Information