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John Thomas Whitehead Mitchell (1828-1895), President of the Wholesale Cooperative Society
1828 Born in Rochdale
1853 Mitchell joined the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers
1871 Manufacturer and merchant, living in Rochdale
1874 J. T. W. Mitchell represented the Rochdale Pioneers at the Cooperative Congress in Halifax
Mitchell promoted the strategic direction for co-operative production, as exemplified in the CWS, with all production carried out in large-scale factories governed by the CWS general committee, with the CWS itself being owned and controlled as a federation of local retail co-operative societies. The benefits of co-operation would be realized by the worker as a member. This contrasted with the alternative direction proposed by Christian socialists, who advocated self-governing workshops (with bonuses to labour, profit sharing, and other such measures to distribute the benefits of co-operation).
1895 Obituary