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1826 November 19th. Baptised in Southwark the son of Joseph Turner, a Baker, and his wife Mary
1850s Josiah Turner was one of the partners in a London maker of sewing machine (presumably Newton, Wilson and Co); one of these machines was mended and improved by James Starley. Starley was later taken on at the London factory.
1852-1857 Living in Australia. 
1858 Patent. '2780. To Josiah Turner, of No. 8, Lavender-grove, Queen's-road, Dalston, in the county of Middlesex, for the invention of "improvements in the construction of chairs."'
1861 Living at Myrtle Place, Hackney: Josiah Turner (age 34 born Southwark), a Sewing Machine Manufacturer. With his wife Sarah A. Sister Turner (age 32 born Leeds) and their children Charles T. Turner (age 9 born S. Australia); Mary C. Turner (age 7 born S. Australia); Henry J. Turner (age 6 born S. Australia); and Ada E. L. Turner (age 2 born Dalston). Also his mother-in-law Frances Garside (age 64 born York), a Freeholder. 
1861 Patent. '900. To Silas Covell Salisbury, of Essex-street, Strand, in the city of Westminster, Gentleman, and Josiah Turner, of Dalston, in the county of Middlesex, Mechanician, for the invention of "an improvement applicable to shuttles for the saving of cop waste.
1861 Formed the European Sewing Machine Co in Coventry
1868 Rowley B. Turner brought a Michaux velocipede to Britain and showed it to his uncle, Josiah Turner, manager of the Coventry Sewing Machine Co. Rowley Turner ordered 500 (or 400) machines, 250 for sale in Britain and 250 for France. The French sales were lost owing to the war there, but the British market easily absorbed the entire batch.
1871 Living at Cheylesmore, Coventry: Josiah Turner (age 44 born Southwark), Manager of Mechanics Company employing 63 men and 20 boys. With his wife Sarah Ann Turner (age 42 born Leeds) and their children Charles T. Turner (age 19 born Adelaide, Australia), a (?) Clerk; Mary E. Turner (age 18 born Port Philip, Geelong); Henry T. Turner (age 16 born Port Philip, Geelong), a Sewing Machinist; and Ada E. L. Turner (age 12 born Dalston).
1873. Patent. '3535. To Josiah Turner, Manager of the Coventry Machinists' Company, Coventry, in the county of Warwick, for the invention of "an improved construction of stand applicable to sewing machines."'
1875. Patent. '1339. To Josiah Turner, Manager of the Coventry Machinists Company, of Coventry, in the county of Warwick, for the invention of "improvements in velocipedes."'. There are a number of further patents in the following years to 1877 for "improvements in velocipedes."
1886 Q2. Died in Coventry