Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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London United Tramways Co

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1901. Chiswick Generating Station.
1901. Open Top Tram.
1901. Shepherds Bush Terminus.
1901. Electric Tramcar.
1903. Engine Room at Chiswick.
1903. Switchboard at Chiswick.
1925. One Man Car.

of 16 Great George Street, Westminster and 74 High Street, Chiswick, London.

1894 Company incorporated to provide tramway service in West London

1895 London United Tramways Co Ltd had acquired the West Metropolitan Tramways Co and proposed to electrify the tramway in the Uxbridge Road[1]

1900 November: The company's central power station at Chiswick was nearing completion [2]

1901 Formal opening of 15 miles of electrified lines with plans for another 80 miles[3]

1901 The company was registered in November as the London United Tramways (1901), to take over and extend the undertaking of a company of almost similar title, registered July 1894.

1901 Two other companies were under almost the same administration: Bristol Tramways and Imperial Tramways[4]

By 1903 30 miles of line were open for traffic, and a considerable further mileage authorised[5]

1907 The name was changed to the present title.

1908 Under the company's acts and orders the average of the periods to elapse before the local authorities have the option to purchase the 77.75 miles of existing and authorised electric lines is 19.5 miles. Of the total authorised lines 50.25 miles is at present being operated. [6]

1913 Amalgamation of the company's interests with those of Metropolitan Electric Tramways[7]

1913 the London and Suburban Traction Co (LSTC), jointly owned by Underground Electric Railways Co and British Electric Traction Co, took over the London United Tramways Co.

1924 According to the Electrical Times, a new type of "one man" tramcar is, it is stated, to be put into service on the London United Tramway Company's Hanwell and Brentford route. It is the first of a batch of five single-deckers now being constructed by the company. The doors are operated pneumatically, and are automatically kept closed while the car is in motion by means of a special valve. When the car is at a standstill, the exit door will not open unless a passenger is waiting on the rear platform ready to alight, the door being controlled by valves through a treadplate. A "safety first" device is the " dead man grip " with which the air brake handle is fitted. If the driver takes his hand off this, the brakes are automatically applied and current cut off. The new car seats thirty passengers, and fares are paid as they enter. The coin is dropped into a fare box, and the driver issues the ticket, which is cancelled by a foot-operated punch. A change-giving machine assists the issue of tickets. [8]

1931 First trolleybus introduced on a converted tram route in the Kingston area[9].

1933 The company was acquired by the London Passenger Transport Board[10]. The operations were brought together with that of other bus, train and tram companies.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times Jan 30, 1895
  2. The Times Nov 03, 1900
  3. The Times, Jul 11, 1901
  4. The Times, Nov 19, 1901
  5. The Engineer 1903/05/15
  6. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  7. The Times, Apr 24, 1913
  8. The Engineer 1924/11/21
  9. Key Dates in the History of London Transport, by Transport for London
  10. The Times, May 02, 1931