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The London and Southampton Railway from London to Southampton, Hampshire was authorised on 25th July 1834.
It was opened thus:
The powers for the line from Bishopstoke to Gosport authorised the company to bear its present name. It was opened on November 29th, 1841, but owing to the failure of a tunnel at Fareham it had to be temporarily closed four days later, to be re-opened on February 7th, 1842.