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The Madras Railway (1845-1908) was a pioneer in railways in southern India.
1853 Madras Railway Company, registered in Chennai (Royapuram) began work. It had as its objective, connection of Chennai on the east coast with the west coast, as also linking up with Bengaluru and the Nilgiris, and to link up with the line from Mumbai.
1856 The Broad gauge line received Government Guarantee
1862 The link with the west coast was first established with a line to Beypore, which served as the western terminus of the Madras Railway.
1865 609 miles in operation
1871 An extension up to Raichur was linked with an extension of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway from Kalyan to Raichur, thereby establishing the Chennai-Bombay (Mumbai) link
1875 858 miles in operation
1885 861 miles in operation
1888 The western terminus was moved to Calicut - now known as Khozikode
1899 The Chennai-Vijayawada link was established enabling the way for opening of the Howrah-Chennai main line
1901 The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over