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British Industrial History

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Madras Railway

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The Madras Railway (1845-1908) was a pioneer in railways in southern India.

Amongst the constituent railways of Madras Railway were Kolar Goldfields Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Shornapur Cochin Railway

1845 Madras Railway Company was launched. See Madras Railway: 1845 Announcement. The chairman was J. Arbuthnot

1853 Madras Railway Company, registered in Chennai (Royapuram) began work. It had as its objective, connection of Chennai on the east coast with the west coast, as also linking up with Bengaluru and the Nilgiris, and to link up with the line from Mumbai.

1862 The link with the west coast was first established with a line to Beypore, which served as the western terminus of Madras Railway.

1868 Directors and Officers

1888 The western terminus was shifted to Calicut - now known as Khozikode

1871 An extension up to Raichur was linked with an extension of Great Indian Peninsula Railway from Kalyan to Raichur, thereby establishing Chennai-Mumbai link

1899 The Chennai-Vijayawada link was established enabling the way for opening of the Howrah-Chennai main line

1901 The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over

1908 Merged with the Southern Mahratta Railway and became the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway

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