Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,369 pages of information and 233,846 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co

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of Erith, Crayford, Dartford and Stockholm.

1884 Hiram Stevens Maxim formed the Maxim Gun Co

1888 Under pressure from Rothschild and Vickers, the Maxim Gun Co merged with the Nordenfelt Co to become the Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co; the new company had various factories at Erith, Crayford, Dartford and Stockholm.

1888 Description and illustration on his machine gun

1889 Paris Exhibition. Showed quick-firing guns and machine guns

1894 Description and article on his steam driven plane

1896 The company was bought out by Vickers, Sons and Co becoming Vickers, Sons and Maxim. Their updated version of the design, referred to as the Vickers gun, was the standard British machine gun for many years. Variants of the Maxim gun were used extensively by both sides during World War I. His brother Hudson was also a military inventor, specializing in explosives.

1901 Queen Victoria knighted Maxim in 1901 for his inventions, many of which had military applications.

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