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Sir Richard Arkwright and Co. Ltd., of Cromford and Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, and Manchester, cotton manufacturers.
1771 Jedediah Strutt and Samuel Need joined Arkwright in the building of a cotton mill at Cromford, using what was henceforth called Arkwright's water frame. This was the first of its kind in the world, marking the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
From the mid-1770s the company expanded rapidly.
1776 A new mill was opened at Cromford
1777 Arkwright, Need, and Strutt, in partnership with Thomas Walshman and Thomas Cross, started construction of an ill-fated mill at Birkacre, near Chorley.
Between 1777 and 1780 construction of mills began at Bakewell, Wirksworth, Alport, Litton, Rocester in Staffordshire, and Manchester, where Arkwright failed in an attempt to obtain rotary power from a Newcomen engine.