Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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S. J. Waring and Sons

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of Liverpool, London and Manchester.

Furnishings and decorations.

1835 John Waring arrived in Liverpool from Belfast and established a wholesale cabinet-making business in Liverpool.

Succeeded by his son Samuel James Waring, also a cabinet maker.

1871 Samuel James Waring, cabinet maker, employing 12 men and 4 boys[1]

1881 Waring lived in St Anne's Liverpool; his eldest son, John William Waring, was also a cabinet maker; his second son, Samuel James Waring, was a clerk and his third son an upholsterer [2]

1880s The company expanded into decoration, decorating hotels and public buildings[3]

1880s Waring also founded the Waring-White Building Company which built the Liverpool Corn Exchange, Selfridge's department store and the Ritz Hotel.

1893 Samuel James Waring junior encouraged his father to allow him to open 2 branches in London's Sloane Street and Oxford Street. Initially these shops made losses. To gain attention for the new shops, Waring supplied the interior décor for the Hotel Cecil at considerable loss. This attracted more business from other hotels, including the Carlton and the Ritz, as well as attracting customers to the home décor shops.

1896 The company was registered as a public company on 27 October as S. J. Waring and Sons, to take over the business of furniture manufacturers and dealers of a private company carried on under the title of S. J. Waring and Sons. [4]

1897 Waring and Gillow was formed by the merger of Gillow of Lancaster with Waring of Liverpool. In July, the business of Gillow and Co was acquired, and the name was changed to become Waring and Gillow; Samuel Waring became chairman

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1871 census
  2. 1881 census
  3. Designing Liners: A History of Interior Design Afloat, By Anne Wealleans
  4. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  • National Archives [1]
  • Household Gods: The British and Their Possessions, By Deborah Cohen