Sheffield-Simplex Motor Works
Sheffield-Simplex of Sheffield, and Kingston upon Thames.
aka Sheffield Simplex Motor Works
The Sheffield factory was located at the junction of Lock Lane and Sheffield Road, immediately west of Templeborough Rolling Mills. It was connected to the Great Central Railway's Sheffield and Mexborough Branch, which was immediately north of the factory 
The company received financial backing from the coal magnate Earl Fitzwilliam. The first few cars were called Brotherhoods and were a continuation of the Brotherhood-Crocker cars made in London in which Earl Fitzwilliam had been an investor. Brotherhood sold the London site in 1905 and moved to Peterborough but could not get permission to build a car factory so the Earl suggested a move to Sheffield where he built a new factory in Tinsley.
1905 Produced three sizes of car (in length) but with the same 20 h.p. four-cylinder engine and chain driven. 
1906 Olympia Exhibition: Sheffield-Simplex & Brotherhood were together on a stand
In 1908 the first cars to bear the Sheffield-Simplex name appeared; they had been designed by Percy Richardson who had represented Daimler and worked for Brotherhood. The LA1 had a six cylinder 6,978 cc engine and three speed gearbox.
It was joined in 1908 by the LA2 intended for lighter open bodies which did without a conventional gear system.
1909 Considered building engines for aeroplanes and started a design; purchased Bleriot monoplane.
1910 Four smaller cars joined the line up in 1910. The LA3 and long wheelbase LA4 were the babies of the family with a four cylinder engine of 2,882 cc, while the LA5 and LA6 had six cylinder 4324 cc power units.
1910 October. Details of the 'new' 25hp car.
1911 These cars lasted only one year and in 1911 were replaced by the LA7 with a six cylinder 4,740 cc engine allowing the company to boast that only one other British maker made only six cylinder cars. Sheffield-Simplex considered their only rival to be Rolls-Royce and even opened a London showroom in Conduit Street very close to theirs.
1911 Motor Show. 6-cylinder engine.
1912 November. Details of the 30hp six-cylinder car.
1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices see the 1917 Red Book
1913 April. 25, 30 & 35 hp 6-cylinder models
1913 The LA7 was updated to LA7b specification in 1913 and this included electric starting and in 1914 the old LA1 and 2 models were finally dropped.
1913 October. Deatils of the 30hp car.
1919 Car production recommenced in 1919 with the LA7b but now called the 30hp but few were sold and it was replaced by a new design, the 50, in 1920. This had a new engine of 7777 cc with each of its six cylinders separately cast. It appeared at the London Motor Show in that year fitted with a two seat body and again in 1921. It is quite probable that it was the only one made.
1920 November. Exhibited at the Motor Car Show at Olympia with a new chassis with six-cylinders and a 48.3 hp rating
1923 As well as cars the company built Ner-A-Car motor cycles and opened a factory in Kingston upon Thames. This unconventional machine was designed by American Carl Neracher and had a very low chassis dropping down between the wheels. Production continued until 1927.
1925 Introduced a dipping headlamp system
The final years of car production are a mystery and it seems likely that few were made post World War 1 and final production might have been in Kingston. About 1,500 cars were made in the company's history.
List of Models
Sources of Information
- The Godfrey Edition map: Yorkshire Sheet 289.14: Templeborough and Tinsley 1921 
- The Automobile Vol. III. Edited by Paul N. Hasluck and published by Cassell and Co in 1906.
- The Times, Nov 15, 1906
- Automotor Journal 1907/11/09
- Automotor Journal 1907/11/16
- Automotor Journal 1907/11/30
- Automotor Journal 1908/11/14
- Automotor Journal 1908/11/21
- The Autocar 1908/11/07
- The Times, 10 November 1909
- The Autocar 1910/10/29
- The Autocar 1911/10/14
- The Autocar 1911/11/04
- The Autocar 1912/11/09
- The Autocar 1913/10/18