Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Sheffield Canal

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The Sheffield Canal (or Sheffield and Tinsley Canal) in the City of Sheffield is 3.9 miles long and runs from Tinsley (River Don) to the Sheffield Canal Basin (Victoria Quays) in the city centre. It originally had 12 locks but now has 11.

1815 the Sheffield Canal Company was formed by Act of Parliament in order to construct a canal

1819 Canal opened on 22 February. Wagonways brought coal from the many local collieries to the canal for onward shipment.

By 1840 "Fly-boat" services connected to a range of services for long distance shipment.

1846 the Sheffield and Lincolnshire Junction Railway acquired the canal company.

1849 By an Act of Parliament, the canal was transferred to the River Don Navigation Company, which also owned the Stainforth and Keadby Canal and the Dearne and Dove Canal.

1895 the Sheffield Canal was amalgamated with the River Don Navigation and the Stainforth and Keadby Canal to form the Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation.

1940 The canal was still in use and when Lock 6 was damaged by bombing it was repaired

1961 Waterhead altered to Rotherham

c.1970 Last commercial cargo

1980 A commercial cargo traversed the canal

1990s Canal basin restored

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