Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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T. Coulthard and Co

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1896. Kane-Pennington Motor.
1896. Kane-Pennington Motor.
April 1897.
April 1897.
1899. Motor Car Shop.
1899. Heavy motor vehicle designed by W. Norris.
1899. High-speed electric light engine.
1899. A Steam Lorry.
1900. Medal awarded to T. Coulthard and Co for 'Motor Waggons' at the 1900 Yorkshire Cycle and Motor Exhibition.
1900. Medal awarded to T. Coulthard and Co for 'Motor Waggons' at the 1900 Yorkshire Cycle and Motor Exhibition.
July 1900. Motor Brewer's Dray for John Groves and Sons of Weymouth.
May 1901.
February 1902.
February 1902.
1902. Dr. Brightmore's Steam Lorry.
January 1903.
January 1903.
February 1903.
May 1903.

T. Coulthard and Co of Cooper Road, Preston.

See Thomas Coulthard (1832-1905) and Thomas Coulthard

Company was established in 1815 (see advert) and made equipment for the cotton industry.

1881 Thomas Coulthard senior employed 127 people making rings for spinning[1]

1891 Listed in trade directory as cotton and woollen machinery makers[2]

1896 Sole agents for the Kane-Pennington engine

1896 Became part-owners of J. Sumner which became the Lancashire Steam Motor Co and later Leyland Motors. George Spurrier, from Manchester, also took a share of that company. George Spurrier later acquired Coulthard's share[3].

1897 April. See Visit to the Factory

1897 April. Details of a steam car built with Atkinson and Philipson.[4]

1897 August. Image and details of the steam motor van.[5]

1898 Lancashire flatbed web perfecting and folding machine, made by T. Coulthard & Co., of Preston

1899 Description of the works. John H. Toulmin was the manager.[6]

1900 Details of lorry for F. Skurray and Sons.[7]

1900 The company acquired limited status and was described as spindle and ring makers, machinists, motor vehicle makers, engineers, boiler makers, and iron and brass founder.[8]

1901 March. Details of a motor tip van.[9]

1901 July. Details of steam vehicles for Spain.[10]

1902 February. Details and image of a commercial waggon for the Consolidated Petroleum Co.[11]

1902 A 4-ton steam lorry designed by A. W. Brightmore with R. W. H. Bailey and supplied to William Whiteley and Co [12]

1902 Detailed report on Brightmore's lorry.[13]

1902 January. 5-ton under-type wagon, probably no 406 with registration number BL 249 and sold to James Dewe. In 1908 this wagon was re-registered as BL 03. [14]

1904 Showed two steam wagons [15]

1904 Land called Davil Meadows, near Preston Marsh, with a rent of £5 for twenty poor housekeepers. About 1820 the land belonged to John Grimshaw, and in 1904 to T. Coulthard and Co [16]

1905 March. Details of their Simms-Coulthard petrol lorry.[17]

1905 March details of their Coulthard steam lorry.[18]

c1905 5-ton under-type wagon with registration number CKC 4 and owned by W. Anderson, Sons and Hedley [14]

1905 Make steam wagons [19]

1905 5-ton under-type wagon with registration number CK 420 and sold to the North Eastern Railway. [14]

1907 The steam wagon business was renamed Leyland Motors[20].

The textile machinery business continued under the Coulthard name directed by John H. Toulmin.

1910 Listed in Cotton Year Book

1917 Listed in trade directory as spindle makers at Spa Road/ Marsh Lane. Lists also 'Coulthard Thos (T. Coulthard and Co) Marsh Lane Tel 140' and 'Toulmin John Henry (T. Coulthard and Co) 58 West Cliff. Tel 133' [21]

1920 At an Extraordinary General Meeting of the Company, held at Cooper-road Works, Preston, it was agreed that the Company be wound up voluntarily; the Liquidator was authorised to distribute 7,000 shares in Leyland Motors Limited, which was the property of this Company, among the Holders of Ordinary shares of this Company. John H Toulmin was chairman[22]

Messrs. Coulthard commenced experimenting with steam road wagons in 1895, and the author joined them in 1896, and was responsible for the various designs up to 1903. The earlier types were fitted with compound engines, uni-direction, and oil-fired boilers. Uni-direction and reversing triple-expansion engines were next fitted, but were discarded in favour of a new compound reversing pattern (patented in 1898) having two bearings, hollow piston valves, and a receiver, which also served as cover for both cylinders and piston-valve boxes. The former triple-expansion engines had also this feature in common, one cover serving for the three cylinders and piston-valve boxes. All vehicles were fitted with change -speed gears and fixed hind axle, with double side-chain transmission. 1900 saw the oil-fired boiler superseded in favour of solid fuel; and, in the last (1901) Liverpool trials this wagon was awarded a gold medal. [23]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1881 census
  2. Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers' Directory, Lancashire
  3. Made in Preston [1]
  4. The Autocar 1897/04/10
  5. The Autocar 1897/08/07
  6. The Autocar 1899/06/10
  7. The Autocar 1900/02/10
  8. The Engineer 1900/05/11, p 498.
  9. The Autocar 1901/03/09
  10. The Autocar 1901/07/20
  11. The Autocar 1902/02/01
  12. Fielden’s Magazine Vol 7
  13. Automotor Journal 1902/08/23
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Steam Wagons in Focus by John Crawley. Published 1984. ISBN 0-9508046-2-2
  15. 1904 Motor Show (SMMT)
  16. A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7 (1912)
  17. Automotor Journal 1906/03/18
  18. Automotor Journal 1906/03/18
  19. 1905 Motor Show (SMMT November)
  20. Made in Preston [2]
  21. General and Commercial Directory of Preston
  22. London Gazette 31 August 1920
  23. Modern Steam Road Wagons by William Norris. Published 1906