Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,103 pages of information and 233,633 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Thomas Oliver (Darlaston)

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Thomas Oliver invented a treadle-operated hammer (the Oliver hammer, or English Oliver), a machine for forging bolts. Production of bolts using this machinery started in Darlaston in 1838. Similar machines were still being using in the Black Country in 1979, at Lench's Oliver Shop, making special bolts to order. Using such a hammer could be strenuous work, stamping on the treadle to force the red hot iron into the die over a thousand times a day. The above information is from the Wikipedia entry.

Followed the earlier work of Micah Rugg in Marion, Conn., USA?[1]


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Sources of Information

  1. [1] Machinery (USA), April 1913, p.581ff. 'Machine Forging - 1'