Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Thomas Patten (1720-1806)

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c.1720 Born, the son of Thomas Patten (1690-1772) and his wife Lettice (nee Peake)

Married Dorothea Bold; in all they had 8 children

1770 Colonel Thomas Patten and his wife Dorothea had a son, Thomas Patten (1770-1827), in Warrington [1]

1772 Thomas Patten (presumably this one although it might have been his father) established the Stanley Copper Works at St. Helens, on land 'adjacent to the Gerrard Coal wharf'. Apparently 30 tons per week were cast into brass and copper ingots. By 1785 the copper works was under the ownership of a new consortium headed by Thomas Williams with Michael Hughes as manager, though Alexander Chorley was responsible for day to day operation. Chorley died in 1803 and management of the copper works was taken over by William Morgan.[2]

1790 Thomas Patten bought a tin-plate factory alongside the river at Oakamoor and developed a large copper works (Cheadle Copper and Brass Co). The Froghall to Uttoxeter canal was built in 1799-1811, linking Oakamoor to the Caldon Canal. The Cheadle Copper Co. thrived in the 19th century, specialising in copper wire. It finally closed in the 1960s.[3]

1806 Patten died in Warrington



Stanley Copper Works became the Stanley Smelting Co in 1785. The exact location of the copper works is not known, but it was close to the iron slitting mill and may have been situated on the track to Stanley Bank Farm. The copper ore is thought to have been the Parys Mountain in Anglesey. Copper production had ceased by 1815. Note: The iron slitting mill was established in 1773 by a partnership of Alexander Chorley, Thomas Leech, John Postlethwaite and John Rigby, slitting iron from the furnaces at Carr Mill to the north of Stanley Bank.[4]



See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Family tree on Ancestry
  2. [1] 'An Archaeological Excavation at Stanley Bank, St Helens, Merseyside'. NGR SJ 538 972 March 2009, by M. Adams
  3. [2] Peak District Information - Oakamoor, Staffordshire
  4. [3] Stanley Mill website
  • [4] Ancestry tree