Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 149,524 pages of information and 235,436 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

W. and J. Galloway and Sons

From Graces Guide


Early Jack wooden cased. Haley's patent.
Early Jack wooden cased (detail). Haley's patent.
1856. Steam boilers.
1856. Galloway's Pumping Engine.
1856. Punching and Shearing Machine.
January 1866.
April 1870.
April 1870.
Haley's patent jack at Madrid Railway Museum
January 1872.
January 1872.
June 1872.
June 1872.
1874 engine shown at Vienna
1876 boilers for Salt's Mill
January 1880.
1881. Bessemer blowing engines for Steel, Tozer and Hampton.
Telescope structure made for Henry Bessemer, 1881
1884.The Health Exhibition - Compound Engine.
1885. Compound engine at the 1885 Inventions Exhibition.
1886. Barring engine.
1886. Garden electric light shed.
1886. Compound electric light engine.
June 1888. Boilers.

W and J Galloway & Sons of Manchester, boiler makers and mechanical engineers.

Known as Galloways Ltd from 1889

1835 The brothers John Galloway and William Galloway left Galloway, Bowman and Glasgow and opened Knott Mill Ironworks as W. and J. Galloway.

1846 March. Shown as ironfounders and screw-jack manufacturers [1]

1847 Joseph Haley leaves the partnership of Galloways and Co. '...the Copartnership businesses heretofore carried on between the undersigned, William Galloway, John Galloway, and Joseph Haley, at Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, under the firm of Galloways and Company, as Manufacturers of Patent Screw or Lifting Jacks, and as Patentees of Machines for cutting, punching, and compressing Metals, and of the Rivets and other articles constructed by the said last-mentioned Machines; and at Paris, in the kingdom of France, under the firm of Joseph Haley and Company, as regards such last-mentioned Machines and articles constructed by them; and also at Manchester aforesaid, as Cotton Banding Manufacturers, under the said firm of Joseph Haley and Company, were this day dissolved by mutual consent....' [2]

1848 First patents for the "Galloway" boiler. '208. And to William Galloway and John Galloway, of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in steam engines and boilers." ' [3]

1848 Advertisement announcing that W & J Galloway manufacture 'Whitelaw's Patent Self-regulating Turbine, or horizontal water wheel'[4]

1850s The firm’s overseas business in the 1850s and 1860s included the supply of gunpowder mills and steam engines to the Sultan of Turkey's state powder mills in Constantinople, steam engines and gearings for Russian cotton mills in the St. Petersburg area, and machinery for cotton mills in the Bombay area in India. The firm also undertook civil engineering projects. They built the Leven Viaduct for the Ulverston and Lancaster Railway in 1855-1857 and constructed Southport Pier in 1859-1860.

1851 Employing 260 men [5]

1855 Patent. '570. To William Galloway and John Galloway, of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "certain improvements in balancing or regulating the pressure on the slide valves of steam-engines." [6]

1856 The firm became known as W. and J. Galloway and Sons.

1856 Patent. '1132. And William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, have given the like notice in respect of the invention of "improvements in machinery for rasping, cutting and chipping dye woods." [7]

1855-7 Built the viaduct over the Leven estuary for the Ulverston and Lancaster Railway.

1857 Patent. '3083. To William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in hydraulic presses"' [8]

1857 Patent. '1217 Improvements in steam boilers.' [9]

1857 Delivered a horizontal tilting Bessemer converter to Edsken (Sweden)[10]

1858 Order received for ironwork for 'Waterford Bridge' over the River Irwell at Broughton, built for J. Purcell Fitzgerald to connect his estates at Broughton, Pendleton and Agecroft. Statham and Son were the main contractors.[11]. The ironwork no longer exists.

1859-60 constructed Southport Pier.

1859 Charles John Galloway became a partner in the firm of W. and J. Galloway and Sons, mechanical engineers.

1859 'The Great Eastern. — Manchester, besides containing a considerable number of shareholders in the Great Eastern, also furnished some of the material for her construction. Forty tons weight of rivets, by which her plates are fastened together, were manufactured at the large establishment of Messrs. W. and J. Galloway, Knott Mill.'[12]

1860 Patent. '2960. To William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, for the invention of "improvements in steam boilers."' [13]

1861 Patent. 3083. Improvements in hydraulic presses [14]

1861 Patent. '521. To William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, for the invention of "improvements in moulding wheels and other metal articles." [15]

1861 Patent. '1407. Improvements in machinery for cutting, bruising, chipping, and rasping, and otherwise treating or preparing dye woods and roots or other vegetable substances' [16]

1861 Patent. '1948. To William Galloway and John Galloway, of the city of Manchester, Engineers, and John William Wilson, of Barnsley, in the county of York, Timber Merchant, for the invention of "improvements in steam boilers and in apparatus connected therewith."' [17]

1862 Patent. '3043. To William Galloway arid John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in machinery or apparatus for cutting shaping, punching, and compressing metals."' [18]

1863 Patent. '2066. To William Galloway and John. Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in steam boilers and in steam and water gauges for the same" [19]

1863 Patent. '2343. To William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in lubricating journals of revolving shafts and axles, and in the apparatus employed for that purpose" [20]

1864 Patent. '3110. To William Galloway and John Galloway, both of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in presses for bending metal plates into the various forms required in naval architecture, and for other purposes."— A communication to them from abroad by John Cochrane, of the city of New York, in the United States of America.' [21]

1864 Application for an extension of their patent of 11th March 1851 for 'Improvements in Steam Engines and Boilers'. Granted a five year extension. [22]

1864 Produced the ironwork for the new single span Salford Bridge over the River Irwell alongside Exchange Station, connecting Chapel Street in Salford with Hunt's Bank in Manchester. The ironwork comprised twelve riveted wrought iron girders supporting twenty transverse joists 4 ft. apart, which in turn supported curved iron plates under the roadway material. The girders were 9 ft. deep, and the outer ones were topped by an ornamental parapet 4 ft. 9 in. high. The masonry and roadway were constructed by Abraham Pilling of Bolton.[23]

1872 Opened separate boiler works in Hyde Road, Ardwick; Knott Mill concentrated on engines

An engine made by Galloways (date unknown) was included in a sale of plant at the Liquorice Works, Frodsham (presumably MacAndrew and Co) reported in 'The Engineer' in 1872. Described as a 'Very fine table engine, by Galloway, inverted cylinder about 12in. Diameter, and 22in. Stroke, locomotive crank shaft, vacuum pump below driven direct from crankshaft, with condensing cylinder, 8ft. Turned fly-wheel governors, throttle valve, steam valve &c' [24]

1873 Pair of blowing engines for Krupp of Essen[25]

1874 Horizontal compound engine shown at the Vienna Exhibition. Cylinders 14" and 24" bore, 2' 6" stroke. [26]. See illustration

c.1875 Installed a blowing engine at Westbury Iron Works.

1876 Supplied large boilers to Salt's Mill (see illustration) [27]

1881 Pair of blowing engines for Steel, Tozer and Hampton of Sheffield. Blowing tubs 72" diameter, steam cylinders 54" diameter, 6 ft stroke[28]

1881 Pair of vertical blowing engines under construction for the Carnforth Iron Company [29]

Pair of Bessemer blowing engines for Rhymney Iron Co. Steam cylinders 45" dia, air cylinder 54", stroke 54". Also a pair of auxiliary blowing engines, steam cylinders 30", air cylinders 40", stroke 5 ft., and two pairs of 600 psi hydraulic pumping engines with steam cylinder 16" dia, pumps cylinders 6", stroke 15". These were supplied by ten Lancashire boilers, four by Galloways and six by Daniel Adamson and Co. [30]

1882 'A HUGE ENGINE. - Messrs. W. and J. Galloway and Sons, of Knot Mill Ironworks, in this city, have just completed an exceedingly large and massive horizontal tandem reversing engine, for rolling steel rails for railway purposes. The high and low pressure cylinders are placed in a direct line, one piston rod serving for both cylinders. The high-pressure cylinders are 33.5 inches diameter, and are fitted with balance slide valves; the low pressure cylinders are 59 inches diameter, fitted with piston valves, and both pairs of cylinders have stroke of four feet. The crank shaft has bearings 17 inches in diameter, and the crank pins are 18 inches in diameter. The shaft is in two pieces, connected together, and it, alone weighs upwards of 13 tons. The reversing motion is on the hydraulic system, worked from a stage which is erected overhead between the cylinders, and from which, also, the engine is started. The engine is fitted upon massive bed-plates of the box pattern, and the total weight ia about 225 tons. The engine is intended to run at about 1,000ft. per minute when the total force developed will be 3,000 indicated horsepower. Messrs. Galloway are also constructing pair of reversing engines for a cogging mill, somewhat similar principles of construction, and large pair of vertical blowing engines. All these are for the St. Nazaire Iron Company Limited, near Nantes (France) which is rapidly developing the iron industry in that district. Tho peculiarity of St. Nazaire is that it possesses neither of the articles required for the manufacture, and iron ore has be obtained for the purpose from Spain, and the coal from South Wales. These engines generally are of uncommonly heavy design, and the whole of the workmanship of the horizontal engine just completed is of the highest class, its construction having taken about six months, independent of the others which yet remain to be constructed for the same firm. Messrs. Galloway also engaged in manufacturing a compound engine for driving the whole of the machinery at the forthcoming Bradford Industrial Exhibition, which the Prince of Wales will open about the month of June next.'[31]

1883 Blowing engines for S.A. des Mines de fer de l’Anjou et des Forges de St Nazaire. Blowing tubs 79" dia, steam cylinders 32.5" and 51" dia, 5' 3" stroke[32]

c1884 Pair of condensing engines to drive 36" cogging mill at Cyfarthfa Ironworks. Galloways engines (50" bore, 54" stroke) also drove the rail rolling mill. [33].

1884 Supplied two boilers and two horizontal non-condensing engines of 110 hp, with 12 ft diameter flywheels, for the new Law Courts in London, to drive eight Burgin dynamos made by Crompton's Arc Works, Chelmsford [34]

1889 Became a limited company, Galloways Ltd. Charles John Galloway was appointed chairman.

1899 Became a public company

Works Accidents

1845 'Frightful Accident from Machinery. On Tuesday, an inquest was held by Mr. Chapman, the borough coroner, at the Blue Ball, Chester-road, on view of the body of William Bradbury, of Crown-street, engineer, aged 27, who had been employed at Mr. Galloway's works, at Knott Mill. Mr. William Galloway, of Princess-street, Hulme, deposed that he was going round the works to look after the iron about half-past two o'clock, on Monday afternoon, he saw the deceased seated on the top of the boiler asleep; witness intending to awake him, called out, "Now, Jem;" on which deceased jumped up, and as he got upon the side of the boiler, he seemed to miss his footing and overbalanced himself; he fell headlong upon the fly-wheel, which was at work, and going at the rate of forty revolutions per minute. Witness stopped the engine in two or three seconds, and the men proceeded to extricate the deceased, who was sober man, and was sober at the time. He had no business to sit where he was, and could not have chosen more dangerous place. The wheel which was 12 ft. in diameter, might be covered, but no one had to go that way, except to oil it. Had the wheel been covered, the force of deceased's fall would have broken it. He had been work from ten the preceding night. He was lying across the boiler, and his feet being over one side, and not resting in the wall, he might in getting up, have slipped down the side on the way to the wall, and then have fallen against the wheel, between which and the brick-work covering the boiler, the wall only intervened. He had been twelve months at the same work Thomas M'Keane, moulder in Mr. Galloway's employ, deposed that the deceased was found in the engine-cistern, about one-and-a-half yards from the fly-wheel; he appeared to have been caught by the wheel, and to have been thrown there by its revolutions. He was in a dying state when found. His right leg was separated from the body ; his bowels were out; and his head was severely fractured and bruised. His leg was found under the fly-wheel, and part of his bowels in the cistern. His remains were then removed to the house where the inquest was held. The jury, after some conversation on the extremely shocking nature of this case, found a verdict of "Accidental death."—The deceased has left a widow pregnant, and one child.'[35]

1846 'Serious Fatality.—An inquest was held before Mr. Chapman, the borough coroner, on Monday, at St. David's Tavern, in Young-street, on view of the body of William Kelly, of Harrison's court, Young-street, aged 58, who came by his death under the following circumstances. Deceased was in the service of Messrs. W. and J. Galloway, iron-founders, of Knott Mill, and on the 27th ult. he, along with several other men, was engaged, about half-past three o'clock in the afternoon, in removing a large iron moulding box from one part of the premises to another, by means of a crane. Two strange men, who had been taken on that day, were assisting deceased to turn the handle of the crane, when from some cause or other not clearly explained, deceased's companions let go the handle of the crane just as they had got the moulding box lifted about foot from the ground. The weight of the moulding box, about 16½ cwt., proved too much for deceased, and completely overpowered him, and the motion of the crane thus acquiring increased velocity and force, deceased was felled to the ground by the revolution of the handle before he could get out of the way. When taken up, blood was issuing from a wound on his forehead, and the unfortunate man was quite speechless and insensible. He was taken to his home as speedily as possible, and every attention paid that the nature of his injuries seemed to require, but notwithstanding the exertions of his medical attendants, he expired from the above cause on Friday last.—Verdict, Died from fracture of the skull, accidentally received.'[36]

1864 'Crushed to Death. —A shocking accident occurred at the works of Messrs. Galloway, boiler-makers, Knott Mill, on Monday afternoon. James Allen, an overlooker, of Bradford, near Manchester, was assisting to hoist a boiler upon a lurry, by means of a block and rope, and whilst the boiler was suspended, the rope, which was a strong one, snapped asunder; the boiler, in falling, crushed the deceased against the wall, killing him instantly. An inquest was held on the body the same evening, before the city coroner. The jury gave a verdict of accidental death.' [37]

1874 'SERIOUS ACCIDENT AT IRON FOUNDRY. FIVE MEN INJURED. An accident in which five man were injured took place at the engineering works of Messrs. Galloway, situate in Knott Mill. On these premises, in the boiler department, is an immense steam hammer, which causes the entire building to vibrate with every stroke. Yesterday morning a large number were working in the boiler-house while the steam hammer was at work, when suddenly a large portion of the roof fell in, burying beneath it five of the workmen. The roof was composed of heavy iron joists, thick timber, and slates, and the men upon whom the debris fell were much injured, especially two them. They were rescued by fellow-workmen as quickly possible, conveyed in cabs to the Royal Infirmary. Their names are:— William Summer, Queen-Street, Hulme, boiler maker, 32. George Skidmore, residing at 10, Junction-street, Hulme, boiler maker, aged 24. Thomas Snowdon, of Welcombe-street, Hulme, beerhouse keeper. Joseph Shelmerdine, Robson's-court, off York-street, Hulme, Thomas Craig, 38, Dorrington-street, Hulme. The most serious injuries have been sustained by Summer and Skidmore. Summer is most seriously hurt on the head, and his shoulder is said to be dislocated. The other man Skidmore is also much injured on the head by the falling of a large piece of iron and one of his hands is almost cut in two. The injuries sustained by the other three men do not appear as serious as those of Summer and Skidmore, neither of whom can be removed from the Infirmary, but it was thought that Craig, Snowdon, and Shelmerdine might be sufficiently recovered during the day to be removed to their own homes.'[38]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 28 March 1846
  2. [1] Gazette Issue 20745 published on the 18 June 1847
  3. [2] Gazette Issue 21410 published on the 11 February 1853
  4. Leeds Mercury - 4th March 1848
  5. 1851 Census
  6. [3] Gazette Issue 21686 published on the 30 March 1855
  7. [4] Gazette Issue 21924 published on the 23 September 1856
  8. [5] Gazette Issue 22076 published on the 25 December 1857
  9. [6] Gazette Issue 22290 published on the 22 July 1859
  10. Report of Newcomen Society's Summer Meeting in Sweden, 1961
  11. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 9 October 1858
  12. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 22nd October 1859
  13. [7] Gazette Issue 22462 published on the 21 December 1860
  14. [8] Gazette Issue 22474 published on the 25 January 1861.
  15. [9] Gazette Issue 22490 published on the 15 March 18
  16. [10] Gazette Issue 22533 published on the 26 July 1861
  17. [11] Gazette Issue 22541 published on the 23 August 1861
  18. [12] Gazette Issue 22685 published on the 28 November 1862
  19. [13] Gazette Issue 22768 published on the 4 September 1863
  20. [14] Gazette Issue 22776 published on the 2 October 1863
  21. [15] Gazette Issue 22804 published on the 8 January 1864
  22. [16] [17] Gazette Issue 22901 published on the 11 October 1864
  23. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Thursday 25 August 1864
  24. 'The Engineer', 25th October 1872
  25. The Engineer 21st November 1873
  26. 'Engineering' January(?) 1874
  27. The Engineer, 14th April 1876 pp 274 & 277
  28. The Engineer 1881
  29. Lancaster Gazette - 3rd September 1881
  30. 'Engineering' 1st Aug 1884
  31. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Wednesday 19 April 1882
  32. The Engineer 11th May 1883
  33. 'Engineering' 1st Aug 1884
  34. London Daily News, 4 October 1884
  35. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 12th April 1845
  36. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 16th September 1846
  37. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Wednesday 18th May 1864
  38. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Saturday 7th November 1874