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British Industrial History

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William Crosskill (1800-1888)

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Patent Wheel

William Crosskill (1800-1888) of William Crosskill

See also Crosskill and Co

c.1800 Born in Beverley, Yorks

1828 Married Ellis Bayes[1]

Started in business, first as ironfounder and then diversifying into agricultural machinery

1841 Ironfounder of Beverley[2], living with Ellis 40, Alfred 12, Edmund 11, Myra 9[3]

c.1850 Brought to general attention and practical operation a reaper which had been invented by the Rev. Bell in Scotland c.1830 but which, for want of practical knowledge in perfecting its mechanical construction, had not been much known about outside that district[4]. It became known as Crosskill's Bell.

1851 Living at Butchers Row, Beverley: William Crosskill (age 50 born Beverley), Ironfounder, patent wheel manufacturing, agricultural implement and machine maker employing 240 hands. With his wife Ann Crosskill (age 50 born Beverley) and their two children Edmund Crosskill (age 20 born Beverley), Myra Crosskill (age 19 born beverley). Two visitors. Two servants.[5]

1852 Patent application by William Crosskill civil engineer and ironfounder concerning "Improvements in clod-crushers, or rollers for rolling, crushing, or pressing land"[6]

1852 Patent application by William Crosskill, of Beverley, in the county of York, Civil Engineer, for the invention of improvements in machines for cutting or reaping growing corn, clover, and grass.[7]

1854 Patent applications by William Crosskill, of Beverley, in the county of York, Civil Engineer, in respect of the invention of "improvements in construction of portable railway;" and in respect of the invention of "an improvement in the construction of carriage wheels to run on railways and ordinary roads."[8]

1855 When trade in Hull was depressed as a result of the Crimean war, the bank foreclosed.

1855 "... William Crosskill, of Beverley, in the county of York, Engineer, Ironfounder, Agricultural Implement Manufacturer, and Corn Miller, hath by indenture, bearing date the 24th day of January, 1855, conveyed and assigned all his estate and effects whatsoever, unto Robert Bower, of Welham, in the said county of York, Esquire, James Hall, of Scorbrough, in the said county of York, Esquire, and Thomas Ellery Turner, of Beverley aforesaid, Gentleman, as trustees, upon trust for the benefit of all the creditors of him the said William Crosskill;..."[9]

1861 Distributor of stamps for Hull and East Yorkshire[10]

1864 Deed of assignment relating to bankruptcy concerning William Crosskill, of Beverley, in the county of York, Gentleman, second part; Edmund Crosskill, of Beverley aforesaid, Agricultural Implement Maker, John Barff Charlesworth, of Lofthouse, in the said county of York, Coal Owner[11]

1871 Distributor of stamps, living in Hull[12]

1881 Distributor of stamps, living in Hull, with Sarah Crosskill his second wife age 66[13]

1888 Died in Kingston upon Thames; his will was proved by his sons Alfred and Edward, agricultural implement makers[14]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. BMD
  2. 1841 census
  3. 1841 census
  4. The Engineer 1858/11/12
  5. 1851 Census
  6. The London Gazette, 4 April 1856
  7. London Gazette 22 October 1852
  8. The London Gazette, 7 February 1854
  9. The London Gazette, 2 February 1855
  10. 1861 census
  11. London Gazette 9 December 1864
  12. 1871 census
  13. 1881 census
  14. Burial records