Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 150,706 pages of information and 235,205 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Yates and Thom

From Graces Guide
Winding engine at Astley Green Colliery
Crosshead and trunk guide of winding engine at Astley Green Colliery. Chair gives an indication of size.
1884 600 HP engine, ex-Jubilee Mill, being installed at Masson Mills in 2014. The overhead crane is by Jackson and Ogden
JD Yates06.jpg
Showing barring gear
The complicated governing system will reward study in the future

of Canal Ironworks, Blackburn

Yates and Thom were makers of engines for mills, collieries and waterworks.

1826 Company established as W. and J. Yates. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry (or William Yates (of Blackburn))

After 1848 William Yates (of Blackburn) became W. and J. Yates

1884 Supplied a 600 HP cross-compound engine to Jubilee Mill, Padiham. This was retired after nearly 100 years service, and was being installed at Masson Mills, Matlock Bath in 2014 (see photos). At present it can only be seen on pre-booked tours.

1890 Dissolution of the Partnership between William Yates, Frederick Yates, Sydney Robert Yates, and William Thom, at the Canal Foundry and Engineering Works, and the Victoria Boiler Works, in Blackburn, Mechanical Engineers and Boiler Makers, as William and John Yates; business carried on by the said William Yates and William Thom alone, in copartnership together, under the style of Yates and Thom[1]

c.1890 Supplied engines and boilers for the paper mills of Robert Craig and Sons.

1892 1100 HP vertical cross compound engine for Horrockses Crewdson Ltd; Fishwick Mill, Preston[2]

1894 Engines for the Portsmouth Electric Supply works. [3]

1900 Supplied three Lancashire boilers for the Gloucester electricity supply works. [4]

c.1900 Supplied four 450 HP 100 rpm engine engines to drive English Electric dynamos at Alice Street Power Station in Durban.[5]

c.1901 Supplied six twin cylinder vertical engines driving 1500 kW alternators to Stuart Street Power Station, Manchester [6]. These were compound engines of 2500 HP with cylinders of 36 and 71 inches diameter, 3 ft 6" stroke, running at 94 rpm. The flywheel, located between the cylinders, was assembled from four castings and weighed 70 tons. The 3 phase alternators, made by the Electrical Co Ltd, generated at 6500V, 50 Hz. These engines were being augmented in 1904 by two 6000 HP triple expansion Yates & Thom engines.[7]

1905 The company was registered on 18 July, to acquire the business of the firm of the same name, engineers, ironfounders and boiler makers. [8]

1905 William Thom, Junior became managing director

1906 1750 HP Horizontal four cylinder triple expansion engine for Durban Mill, Hollinwood [9]

Supplied four horizontal 2400 HP cross-compound engines driving and one 1180 HP vertical engine driving generators at the Formby generating station of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway.[10]

1907 Name Plate. Engineers, Millwrights and Boilermakers. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry.

1912 Supplied a winding engine to Astley Green Colliery. Now preserved and on display.

1914 Supplied a winding engine to Sutton Manor Colliery.

1918 Advert in New Zealand for redundant plant at the Wahii-Paeroa Gold Extraction Co (in liquidation) included 'ONE (1) YATES AND THOM COMPOUND HORIZONTAL TANDEM JET-CONDENSING STEAM ENGINE; cylinders 12 and 22in, stroke. 30in, revolutions 90; rated at 200 b.h.p.; complete with 5 cotton ropes and rope pulleys.'[11]

1925 1800 HP Horizontal cross compound engine for No. 2 Mill, Leigh Spinners Ltd., Leigh [12]

1928 Became Foster, Yates and Thom when it was acquired by Joseph Foster and Sons.[13]

Blackburn has just turned out its largest casting through Messrs. Joseph Foster and Sons, Cana] Foundry, successors to Messrs. Yates and Thom. It was the first of four quarter segments cast for the rotor of huge electric generator being built by the British Electric Co. Preston for a well-known British steel firm.
The four segments together weigh about 115 tons. For the first segment the workmen used three large ladles, two containing over 16 tons of molten iron, and the third about six tons. The delicate operation was carried out in two minutes without hitch.
The order for the rotor was placed a fortnight ago and a guarantee of quick delivery was the means of bringing the order to Blackburn. Over 400 men are now employed at Canal Foundry on home and foreign orders, and on this work the firm will be fully engaged for four or five months. [14]

1906 William Yates, Junior

A modern Haroun el Raschid is at present staying at the well-known Tavistock Hotel in Covent Garden, and his amazing acts of benevolence include free gifts of £5-notes to porters in the market. Whoever he is he hides his identity under the simple name, "W. Yates," and as his address gives Weir Cottage, Sheffield, nothing whatever is known about him, and he is variously described American oil millionaire, wealthy cutler, an eccentric landowner, and a rich bookmaker. On Monday he visited Covent Garden Market, and one man, George Mullins, in particular aroused his interest, and he promised to see him next day — that is Tuesday, he remarked that he had made his pile, and was going to do bit good for the poor of London. Sure enough on Tuesday he entered the market, but first turned his attention to a boy selling cotton handkerchiefs. He bought 2s worth, and, handing the boy a sovereign, told him to never mind the change. Throwing the handkerchiefs to a porter who had witnessed the transaction, he curtly bade him wrap them up. This the man did with alacrity, and for his trouble received also a sovereign. Then the strange philanthropist sought out Mullins. Playfully tapping a leather wallet, the mysterious Mr. Yates remarked, "Would you like a hundred pounds?", Mullins, who had witnessed the other gifts, immediately answered, Yes.” Without more ado the man opened the wallet and pulled out twenty £5-notes. "Now, what will you do with them?" he asked, retaining them in his hand. Will you see that your family has the benefit? Mullins gave the requisite promise, and the notes were handed over. The gentleman then returned to his hotel. Coming out again, he a met porter named Keefe, to whom he gave £5. Then he appears to have strolled into St. Martin's-lane, collected a score or more of old men, bade them ask no questions, but follow him as he made his way into a restaurant. There he ordered a substantial meal for each, and under every man's plate he placed a bright sovereign. His benefactions appear to have ended there, for the present at all events, though all the employes of Covent Garden Market are agog to catch a glimpse of Mr. Yates or his money.
William Yates continued his largesse on Thursday, when remarkable scenes were witnessed. Crowds of clamorous men and boys followed him about and hung on to his brougham as he drove out to give away more gold. His first call was at restaurant in Covent Garden, where picked out of his followers thirty poor children and entertained them dinner. Before leaving he handed them each half a sovereign. By this time the mob had become so great that pell-mell he was forced drive back his hotel and escape into the street again by a secret entrance. It is understood that Mr. Yates has made several large gifts to London hospitals, but he refused to discuss this novel idea his as to the distribution of gold and notes. Meanwhile men and women from all parts of London are flocking to his hotel and taking their stands, determined to see Mr. Yates if they have to wait all night. Special police have had to be told off regulate the mobs and guard against any attempt at outrage to the strange benefactor. It is stated that he is a native of Blackburn, and son of the founder the engineering firm of Yates & Thom, which was floated last year for £240,000. He is a very wealthy bachelor, and has lately given generously to local and other charities. Occasionally Mr. Yates visits Blackburn to attend tho directors’ meetings, but spends the greater part of his time in travel.'[15]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. London Gazette 29 Aug 1890
  2. [1]Photo of engine in Preston Digital Archive - "A Lancashire Cotton Scrapbook"
  3. The Engineer of 3rd August 1894 p104 & p107 & p109
  4. The Engineer of 27th July 1900 p93
  5. [2] ESKOM website: Congella Power Station
  6. 'Electricity in Manchester' by Roy Frost ISBN 1 85216 075 6
  7. [3] The Engineer 14 Oct 1904, brief summary on p.378
  8. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  9. Plate 133, 'Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain, Volume 3.1: Lancashire' by George Watkins: Landmark Publishing Ltd.
  10. Cassier's Magazine, 1907
  11. [4]
  12. ‘Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain, Volume 3.1: Lancashire’ by George Watkins: Landmark Publishing Ltd.
  13. "Death of Sir W. Thom" Lancashire Evening Post, 11 April 1939 page 8
  14. Lancashire Evening Post, 19 February 1930
  15. Londonderry Sentinel - Saturday 10 November 1906
  • The Steam Engine in Industry by George Watkins in two volumes. Moorland Publishing. 1978/9. ISBN 0-903485-65-6