Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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James Blacklock Henderson

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Professor Sir J. B. Henderson, Order of the Sacred Treasure of Japan, D.Sc., LL.D., F.Inst.P., M.I.E.E., A.M.I.N.A.

Engineer, Naval and Marine Architect, Inventor of improvements in naval gunnery and gyroscopic compasses and many other devices.

1871 Born son of James Henderson, M.A.

Educated by his father at Allan Glen School., Glasgow

Studied at University of Glasgow

1891 Engineering student, lived with his parents in Partick[1]

Studied at University of Berlin. Gained D.Sc

Lecturer in Physics, Yorkshire College, Leeds

1897 Patent on improved cycle gear.

1898 Married Annie Margaret Henderson in Haydon Bridge[2]

Head of Scientific Dept., Barr and Stroud, Glasgow

1901 Electrician & Physicist, lived in Glasgow[3]

Lecturer on Electrical Engineering and Assistant in Engineering, Glasgow University.

1905-20 Professor of Applied Mechanics, Royal Naval College, Greenwich

For several years he was Professor of Applied Mechanics at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. He was also the inventor of many improvements in gunnery used by the Royal Navy.

1907 Professor of Applied Mechanics, of Lee, London, patented improvements in projectiles.

1909 Wrote a paper on "Flight of a Rifled Projectile in Air" for the Royal Society of London. [4]

1911 James Blacklock Henderson 40, professor of engineering at RN College, Greenwich, lived in Lewisham with Annie Margaret Henderson 42[5]

1911 Patent relating to improvements in apparatus for optically measuring of strains

1913 Patent on improvements in gryoscopic compasses

1917 Patent on improvements in gryoscopic instruments and apparatus

1920 Sir J B Henderson retired as professor of applied mechanics at Greenwich

1920-25 Adviser on Gyroscopic Equipment to the Admiralty

Post-WWI: Awarded £12,500 by the Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors for improvements in optical instruments for use on oscillating platforms[6]

1926 Patent on methods of signalling on ships

President Engineering Section of the British Association.

1933 Patent on improvements in automatic steering control

1939 Director of Bouverie Industrial Trust; Thermoloys Ltd.; and Orme Sheet Metal Products.

1939 Engineer & Physicist, lived with Annie M Henderson in Greenwich[7]

1940 Filed a patent for Sighting devices for use on aircraft during a dive[8]

1950 Died

1950 Obituary [9]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1891 census
  2. BMD
  3. 1891 census
  5. 1911 census
  6. The Times, Jan 13, 1925
  7. 1939 register
  8. Patent application 607/15 [1]
  9. The Engineer 1950 Jan-Jun: Index