Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,535 pages of information and 233,960 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
1755 Middle Bank Works were established by Chauncey Townsend to smelt lead.
1765 The works were first used for smelting copper.
1782/3 Thomas Williams broke the grip of the Associated Smelters cartel by developing copper smelting works at Ravenhead, and at Middle Bank works in Swansea, as well as a manufacturing plant at Holywell in Flint.
1829 Owen Williams withdrew from the business; as a result the family firm of Pascoe Grenfell and Sons was formed to continue the Middle and Upper Bank Copper Works in the Lower Swansea Valley; at their height these works employed 800 men.
1924 Copper smelting ended.