Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Thomas Edison

From Graces Guide
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1878.
1879 dynamo at the Deutsches Museum
1879.
1879.
1879.
1881. Exhibited at The 1881 Paris Electrical Exhibition.
1882. Dynamo.
1882. Edison electric light in New York.
1882. Edison electric light in New York.
1882. Edison electric light in New York.
1889.
1889. Municipal system for street lighting.
1889. Exhibit at the 1889 Paris Exhibition.
1889.
1889. Edison dynamos.
1893. The Edison Tower of Light exhibited at the Chicago Exhibition.
1897. Briquette-Moulding Machine, New Jersey.
1897. The Giant Rolls, New Jersey.
1897. Steam shovel at work on an ore vein, New Jersey.
1897. Depositing the Edison Sand, New Jersey.
1897. One of the Conveyors, New Jersey.
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Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) was an American inventor of Dutch origin and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long lasting light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.

Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding 1,093 U.S. patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France and Germany.

1847 February 11th. Born

1876 Edison's major innovation was the first industrial research lab, which was built in Menlo Park, New Jersey, built with the funds from the sale of his quadruplex telegraph (which could send four simultaneous telegraph signals over the same wire) which he had invented two years earlier. With Menlo Park, Edison had created the first industrial laboratory concerned with creating knowledge and then controlling its application.

1877 Began his career as an inventor in Newark, New Jersey, with the invention of the phonograph gaining him fame.

1877 Invented the 'Recording Telephone', see The Engineer 1877/11/23.

1877–78 Edison invented and developed the carbon microphone used in all telephones along with the Bell receiver until the 1980s.

1878 Edison puts forward allegations of his invention of the carbon microphone being copied. Full write up in The Engineer 1878/06/28.

Edison may not have invented the first electric light bulb but instead invented the first commercially practical incandescent light.

1878 Edison applied the term filament to the element of glowing wire carrying the current, although the English inventor Joseph Swan had used the term prior to this. Edison formed the Edison Electric Light Co in New York City.

By 1879, he had produced a new concept: a high resistance lamp in a very high vacuum, which would burn for hundreds of hours. Edison made the first public demonstration of his incandescent light bulb on 31 December.

1880 Edison patented an electric distribution system, which was essential to capitalize on the invention of the electric lamp. On 17 December, Edison founded the Edison Electric Illuminating Co.

1881 Edison exhibited his first "Jumbo" steam-driven dynamo in 1881, and installed two sets at Holborn Viaduct in the following year to supply current to neighbouring premises. The output of these sets was about 90 kilowatts at 110 volts, which was so much larger than anything previously constructed that the name " Jumbo " was applied to these sets.[1]

1882 The Edison Electric Light Co was set up in London, a subsidiary of the US company, to control Edison's British patents.

1882 The company established the first investor-owned electric utility at Pearl Street Station, New York City. On 4 September 4 Edison switched on his Pearl Street generating station's electrical power distribution system, which provided 110 volts direct current (DC) to 59 customers in lower Manhattan.

1883 On 19 January, the first standardized incandescent electric lighting system employing overhead wires began service in Roselle, New Jersey.

1883 Edison and Swan United Electric Light Co was set up to merge Edison Electric Light Co with the Swan United Electric Light Co.

1892 The company had merged into the General Electric Co.

1931 October 18th. Died at his home, "Glenmont" in Llewellyn Park in West Orange, New Jersey, being active in his business right until the end.

Review of his Inventions in The Engineer

The following links are articles published in The Engineer detailing his inventions.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Engineer 1924/08/08
  • [1] Wikipedia
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5